3D LASER SCANNING TECHNIQUE FOR THE INSPECTION AND MONITORING OF RAILWAY TUNNELS

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Transport Problems

Silesian University of Technology

Subject: Economics, Transportation, Transportation Science & Technology

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ISSN: 1896-0596
eISSN: 2300-861X

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VOLUME 10 , ISSUE SE (December 2015) > List of articles

3D LASER SCANNING TECHNIQUE FOR THE INSPECTION AND MONITORING OF RAILWAY TUNNELS

Han-Mei CHEN / Cristian ULIANOV / Ramy SHALTOUT

Keywords : railway tunnel, inspection, monitoring, laser scanning

Citation Information : Transport Problems. Volume 10, Issue SE, Pages 73-84, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/tp-2015-063

License : (CC BY-SA 4.0)

Published Online: 21-April-2017

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ABSTRACT

Railway tunnel inspection and monitoring has predominantly been a visual and manual procedure, which is time-consuming and subjective, giving rise to variance in standards and quality. Thus, alternative, novel, automated techniques need to be developed, for more efficient and reliable tunnel examination. The reported research aimed to investigate the application of a laser scanning technique for the inspection of tunnel degradation and structural integrity. The proposed method may either substitute or supplement traditional survey techniques, being more efficient, and contributing thus to the standardisation of tunnel inspections. For the purpose of investigating the applicability and accuracy of laser scanning in tunnels, a set of tunnel lining models was constructed for laboratory tests, with the objective of determining the quality of the imaging. Initial tests were carried out using a performant laser scanner and demonstrated the feasibility of the concept. As a result, refined laboratory models were built, and experiments conducted, to establish the quality and precision of laser scanning imaging, for condition monitoring of tunnels. The experimental results indicate that the laser scanning technique used in this research has high potential for detecting the tunnel condition, monitoring the depth of weathered mortar, spalling bricks etc. with high accuracy in static scanning mode.

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