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  • Journal Of Ultrasonography

 

Review

Standards for musculoskeletal ultrasound

Ultrasound has become the primary diagnostic tool in traumatic, inflammatory and degenera­tive soft tissue conditions. It is also used to monitor the condition of joints, ligaments, cartilage and muscles. Its widespread availability as well as cases of unsatisfactory quality of equipment and the lack of appropriate training of ultrasound examiners are reasons why standards need to be set for equipment requirements, the scope of ultrasound assessment and examiner’s experience. The

Zbigniew Czyrny

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 182–187

Review

Wrist ultrasound examination – scanning technique and ultrasound anatomy. Part 2: Ventral wrist

Ultrasound imaging of the musculoskeletal system is an important element of the diagnostic and therapeutic protocol. Clinical decisions, including those regarding surgical procedures, are often based solely on ultrasound imaging. However, detailed knowledge on the anatomy and a correct scanning technique are crucial for an accurate diagnosis. Modern ultrasonographic equipment allows obtaining detailed anatomical images of muscle tendons, ligaments, nerves and vessels of the carpal area. Ventral

Cyprian Olchowy, Daniel Soliński, Mateusz Łasecki, Paweł Dąbrowski, Szymon Urban, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 69, 123–128

Review

Wrist ultrasound examination – scanning technique and ultrasound anatomy. Part 1: Dorsal wrist

Ultrasound imaging of the musculoskeletal system is superior to other imaging methods in many aspects, such as multidimensional character of imaging, possibility of dynamic evaluation and precise assessment of soft tissues. Moreover, it is a safe and relatively inexpensive method, broadly available and well-tolerated by patients. A correctly conducted ultrasound examination of the wrist delivers detailed information concerning the conditionof tendons, muscles, ligaments, nerves and vessels

Cyprian Olchowy, Mateusz Łasecki, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 61, 172–188

Review

Standards of ultrasound imaging of the adrenal glands

Adrenal glands are paired endocrine glands located over the upper renal poles. Adrenal pathologies have various clinical presentations. They can coexist with the hyperfunction of individual cortical zones or the medulla, insuffi ciency of the adrenal cortex or retained normal hormonal function. The most common adrenal masses are tumors incidentally detected in imaging examinations (ultrasound, tomography, magnetic resonance imaging), referred to as incidentalomas. They include a range of

Rafał Z. Słapa, Wiesław S. Jakubowski, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Anna A. Kasperlik-Załuska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 63, 377–387

Review

Breast ultrasound scans – surgeons’ expectations

Recent years have witnessed a dynamic development of mammary gland imaging techniques,particularly ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. A challengerelated to these studies is the increase in the precision of the anatomical assessment of breast, particularly for early detection of subclinical lesions, performance of ultrasound-guided biopsy procedures, and accurate preoperative location of pathological lesions so as to optimize the surgical treatment. Ultrasound imaging is a primary

Piotr Bednarski, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Eryk Chrapowicki, Wiesław Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 61, 164–171

Review Article

Mistakes in ultrasound diagnosis of superficial lymph nodes

The article discusses basic mistakes that can occur during ultrasound imaging of superficial lymph nodes. Ultrasound is the first imaging method used in the diseases of superficial organs and tissues, including lymph nodes. The causes of mistakes can be either dependent or independent of the performing physician. The first group of mistakes includes inappropriate interpretation of images of anatomical structures, while the latter group includes, among other things, similar ultrasound images of

Ewa J. Białek, Wiesław Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 59–65

Review

Polish recommendations for lung ultrasound in internal medicine (POLLUS-IM)

Objective: The aim of this study was to establish recommendations for the use of lung ultrasound in internal medicine, based on reliable data and expert opinions. Methods: The bibliography from the databases (Pubmed, Medline, OVID, Embase) has been fully reviewed up to August 2017. Members of the expert group assessed the credibility of the literature data. Then, in three rounds, a discussion was held on individual recommendations (in accordance with the Delphi procedure) followed by secret

Natalia Buda, Wojciech Kosiak, Elżbieta Radzikowska, Robert Olszewski, Ewa Jassem, Elżbieta Magdalena Grabczak, Andrzej Pomiecko, Jakub Piotrkowski, Maciej Piskunowicz, Malwina Sołtysiak, Szymon Skoczyński, Grzegorz Jaczewski, Jolanta Odrowska, Agnieszka Skoczylas, Marcin Wełnicki, Jakub Wiśniewski, Anna Zamojska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 198–206

Review

Kidney ultrasound – what is important for a urologist?

Kidney ultrasound is one of the basic procedures in the practice of a urologist. Apart from the location and the size, description of renal morphology should contain the thickness of the anterior lip parenchyma in a transverse section and the location of possible narrowings. Uneven outline of the kidney is a sign of past inflammatory conditions. In the case of the pelvicalyceal system dilation, it is advised to specify the dimensions of the pelvis and calyces. Convex

Tomasz Szopiński, Elżbieta Keller, František Záťura

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 67, 371–377

Original Paper

Inter-rater reliability in the classification of supraspinatus tendon tears using 3D ultrasound – a question of experience?

BackgroundThree-dimensional (3D) ultrasound of the shoulder is characterized by a comparable accuracy to two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound. No studies investigating 2D versus 3D inter-rater reliability in the detection of supraspinatus tendon tears taking into account the level of experience of the raters have been carried out so far.ObjectivesThe aim of this study was to determine the inter-rater reliability in the analysis of 3D ultrasound image sets of the supraspinatus tendon between

Giorgio Tamborrini, Christian Marx, Raphael Micheroli

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 66, 252–259

Original Paper

Evaluation of musculoskeletal symptoms among physicians performing ultrasound

Aim of the study: Owing to its wide availability, relatively low cost and lack of negative effect on the patient, ultrasound has become the most commonly and readily used imag­ing modality. However, scanning for increasingly long periods of time on a given day and in a given week tends to negatively affect sonographers’ health, primarily resulting with the overuse of the musculoskeletal system, as multiple muscles and joints are engaged during scanning. This research has been aimed at

Paweł Wareluk, Wiesław Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 154–159

Review

Chest wall – underappreciated structure in sonography. Part I: Examination methodology and ultrasound anatomy

Chest wall ultrasound has been awarded little interest in the literature, with chest wall anatomy described only in limited extent. The objective of this study has been to discuss the methodology of chest wall ultrasound and the sonographic anatomy of the region to facilitate professional evaluation of this complex structure. The primarily used transducer is a 7–12 MHz linear one. A 3–5 MHz convex (curvilinear) transducer may also be helpful, especially in obese and very muscular

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 197–205

Research Article

Ultrasound comparison of external and internal neck anatomy with the LMA Unique

IntroductionInternal neck anatomy landmarks and their relation after placement of an extraglottic airway devices have not been studied extensively by the use of ultrasound. Based on our group experience with external landmarks as well as internal landmarks evaluation with other techniques, we aimed use ultrasound to analyze the internal neck anatomy landmarks and the related changes due to the placement of the Laryngeal Mask Airway Unique.MethodsObservational pilot investigation. Non-obese

Steven M. Lee, Jacek A. Wojtczak, Davide Cattano

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 71, 229–234

short-communication

Minimally invasive ultrasound-guided parotid gland biopsy in cadavers performed by rheumatologists

submandibular glands are limited, a comparison of sonographic and histological results is only possible for the parotid gland. Aim The aim of this study was twofold: to assess the feasibility of minimally invasive ultrasound-guided parotid gland biopsies performed by rheumatologists in cadavers and to determine the presence of parotid gland tissue in the taken samples. Material and method Two senior rheumatologists and trained sonographers (GT and CM) obtained, under direct ultrasound visualization

Raphael Micheroli, Ulrich Wagner, Magdalena Mueller-Gerbl, Mireille Toranelli, Christian Marx, George A.W. Bruyn, Sandrine Jousse-Joulin, Giorgio Tamborrini

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 125–127

Article

AUTOMATED TELEHEALTH SYSTEM FOR FETAL GROWTH DETECTION AND APPROXIMATION OF ULTRASOUND IMAGES

One of the most profound use of ultrasound imaging is fetal growth monitoring. Conventionally, physicians will perform manual measurements of several parameters of the ultrasound images to draw some conclusion of the fetal condition by manually annotating the fetal images on the ultrasound device interface. However, performing manual annotation of fetal images will require significant amount of time considering the number of patients an obstetrician can have. In this paper, an integrated

Wisnu Jatmiko, Ikhsanul Habibie, M. Anwar Ma’sum, Robeth Rahmatullah, I Putu Satwika

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 697–719

Review

Diagnostic errors in musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging and how to avoid them

The article reviews the major challenges related to the principles of the correct tech­nique of musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSK US). All the crucial aspects of correct MSK soft tissue diagnosis have been discussed, including equipment settings, use of recent image software innovations and ultrasound standoff pads, and correct transducer po­sitioning. The importance of the fundamental principles of MSK US, facilitating good quality image and limiting the occurrence of artifacts, has been

Małgorzata Serafin-Król, Artur Maliborski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 188–196

Case report

Fetal ultrasound: Early diagnosis and natural evolution of proximal femoral focal deficiency

Proximal femoral focal deficiency is an extremely rare congenital anomaly with only a few case reports in the literature. This case illustrates one diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound. The diagnosis may be isolated or associated with other abnormalities and syndromes. This report describes the early obstetrical ultrasound diagnosis, its evolution and associated findings throughout pregnancy. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first report associating this diagnosis with sickle cell trait

Eugenio O. Gerscovich, Simran Sekhon, Thomas W. Loehfelm, Adam Greenspan

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 71, 294–298

Case report

Spontaneous resolution of unifocal Langerhans cell histiocytosis of the skull: potential role of ultrasound in detection and imaging follow-up

characterization of the lesion. The use of ultrasound is less known, although it may be a valuable technique in detection and follow-up of superficially located lesions such as calvarial lesions. This case report describes an 8-year-old girl, in whom the lesion was initially detected by ultrasound. Furthermore, ultrasound was used to evaluate spontaneous resolution of the lesion. The knowledge of ultrasound characteristics may be important to avoid unnecessary radiation and gadolinium administration

Filip M. Vanhoenacker, Joris Verlooy, Mania De Praeter

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 265–270

Review

Ultrasound imaging in the general practitioner's office – a literature review

AimThe aim of this paper is to review the Polish medical literature pertaining to the usage of ultrasound imaging in general practice as well as to present advantages, disadvantages and utility associated with conducting ultrasound examinations by general practitioners based on selected publications.Material and methodsThe analysis involved 15 articles found in Polish medical literature published in 1994–2013 in 9 medical journals. These publications were obtained using various data bases, such

Alicja Genc, Małgorzata Ryk, Magdalena Suwała, Tatiana Żurakowska, Wojciech Kosiak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 64, 78–86

Research Article

Comparison of scintigraphy and ultrasound imaging in patients with primary, secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism – own experience

Background Background The imaging techniques most commonly used in the diagnosis of hyperparathyroidisms are ultrasound and scintigraphy. The diagnostic algorithms vary, depending mainly on the population, and experience of physicians. Aim Aim Aim of the present research was to determine the usefulness of parathyroid scintigraphy and ultrasonography in patients diagnosed for hyperparathyroidism in own material. Material and method Material and method In the present research, 96 operated

Małgorzata Kobylecka, Maria Teresa Płazińska, Witold Chudziński, Katarzyna Fronczewska-Wieniawska, Joanna Mączewska, Adam Bajera, Maria Karlińska, Leszek Królicki

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 17–22

Review Article

Mistakes in the ultrasound diagnostics of the abdominal cavity in pediatrics

The diagnostics of the abdominal cavity in children, especially in the neonatal-infantile period, requires knowledge in the field of anatomical and physiopathological differences as well as clinical symptomatology and pathology at every stage of the child’s development. Errors and mistakes in ultrasound diagnostics of the abdominal cavity in children result from many factors, including lack of experience in examining children and the knowledge concerning most frequent ailments and pathologies

Agnieszka Brodzisz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 66–72

Original Paper

Doppler ultrasound appearance of neck tumors

flow. Venous malformations presented as irregular, hypoechoic spaces with venous blood flow, easily compressed by the probe. Extracranial carotid artery aneurysms were hypoechoic, well-defined spaces, which presented with slow internal, turbulent flow on Doppler study, and showed continuity with the carotid artery. Conclusions: Doppler ultrasound allows to visualize features characteristic for certain neck tumors. Solid or cystic structure, echogenicity, localization, as well as internal flow

Anna Szymańska, Marcin Szymański, Wiesław Gołąbek, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Tomasz Jargiełło

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 96–102

Review

Can ultrasound be helpful in selecting optimal management methods for pregnancies complicated by placental non-trophpblastic tumors?

Placental chorioangioma is the most common subtype of non-trophoblastic placental tumors. Other subtypes are very rare and usually associated with an uneventful course of pregnancy. Most chorioangiomas are small and of no clinical significance. Giant chorioangiomas may be associated with serious fetal and maternal complications. So far, no established ultrasound guidelines are available for the management of placental non-trophoblastic tumors. This may be attributed to the rarity of the disease

Nabil Abdalla, Robert Piórkowski, Paweł Stanirowski, Monika Pazura, Krzysztof Cendrowski, Włodzimierz Sawicki

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 69, 116–122

Review

Pitfalls in ultrasound imaging of the stomach and the intestines

The gastrointestinal tract is an extraordinary human organ in terms of its morphology and function. Its complex structure and enormous length as well as frequent presence of gas discourage many doctors performing ultrasound examination from its exploration. Moreover, there are anatomical structures in multiple locations which can mimic certain abnormalities. It is difficult to present an exhaustive account of the problem of gastrointestinal tract ultrasound imaging errors in a single work

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 207–211

Review

Mistakes in ultrasound examination of salivary glands

Ultrasonography is the first imaging method applied in the case of diseases of the salivary glands. The article discusses basic mistakes that can be made during an ultrasound examination of these structures. The reasons for these mistakes may be examiner-dependent or may be beyond their control. The latter may include, inter alia, difficult conditions during examination (technical or patient-related), similarity of ultrasound images in different diseases, the lack of clinical and laboratory

Ewa J. Białek, Wiesław Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 191–203

Original Paper

Echogenicity of benign adrenal focal lesions on imaging with new ultrasound techniques – report with pictorial presentation

Aim:The aim of the research was to assess the echogenicity of benign adrenal focal lesions using new ultrasound techniques.Material and method:34 benign adrenal masses in 29 patients were analyzed retrospectively. The examinations were conducted using Aplio XG (Toshiba, Japan) ultrasound scanner with a convex probe 1–6 MHz in the B-mode presentation with the combined use of new ultrasound techniques: harmonic imaging and spatial compound sonography. The size of the adrenal tumors, their

Rafał Z. Słapa, Anna A. Kasperlik-Załuska, Bartosz Migda, Maciej Otto, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Wiesław S. Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 63, 368–376

Article

AUTOMATIC FETAL ORGANS DETECTION AND APPROXIMATION IN ULTRASOUND IMAGE

This paper proposed a system for detecting and approximating of a fetus in an ultrasound image. The fetal organs in the ultrasound image are detected using Multi Boundary Classifier based Adaboost.MH. The results of the fetal detection is then approximated Randomized Hough Transform and the whole showed a mean accuracy of 95.80%. The mean of the Hamming Error 0.019 and the Kappa coefficient value reaches 0.890.The proposed method has the best performancefor fetal organ detection. This is proven

M. Anwar Ma’sum, Wisnu Jatmiko, Budi Wiweko, Anom Bowolaksono

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 720–748

Original Paper

Comparison of lung ultrasound and chest X-ray findings in children with bronchiolitis

Aim: Respiratory syncytial virus is the main pathogen responsible for bronchiolitis. Usually, there is no indication to perform diagnostic imaging or run laboratory tests in patients with bronchiolitis since the diagnosis is based on the clinical presentation. Chest radiogram can be useful in severe cases. So far, lung ultrasound has not been considered as an alternative in guidelines for imaging diagnosis of bronchiolitis. The aim of the study was to compare lung ultrasound and chest X-ray

Sławomir Jaszczołt, Tomasz Polewczyk, Marta Dołęga-Kozierowska, Mariusz Woźniak, Zbigniew Doniec

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 193–197

Research Article

The importance of community screening of asymptomatic elderly for peripheral arterial disease by Doppler ultrasound and ankle-brachial index

BackgroundPeripheral arterial disease is an atherosclerotic disease characterized by an increase in morbidity and mortality. For these reasons early diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease is important. Ankle-brachial systolic pressure index measurement is frequently used in screening studies. Evaluating waveforms of distal lower extremities with Doppler ultrasound can be used as a screening program and provides more accurate information on peripheral arterial disease.AimWe investigate the

Ayşe Keven, Mehmet Sedat Durmaz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 71, 235–240

Research Article

Efficacy of high frequency ultrasound in postoperative evaluation of carpal tunnel syndrome treatment

AimThe aim of the study is to assess the usefulness of high frequency ultrasound in the postoperative evaluation of CTS treatment efficacy.Material and methodsSixty-two patients (50 women and 12 men aged 28–70, mean age 55.2) underwent surgical treatment of CTS. Ultrasound examinations of the wrist in all carpal tunnel sufferers were performed 3 months after the procedure with the use of a high frequency broadband linear array transducer (6–18 MHz, using 18 MHz band) of MyLab 70/Esaote. On the

Katarzyna Kapuścińska, Andrzej Urbanik

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 64, 16–24

Pictorial Review

Acrania-exencephaly-anencephaly sequence phenotypic characterization using two- and three-dimensional ultrasound between 11 and 13 weeks and 6 days of gestation

The study presents a pictorial essay of acrania-exencephaly-anencephaly sequence using two-(2D) and three-dimensional (3D) ultrasonography, documenting the different phenotypic characterization of this rare disease. Normal and abnormal fetuses were evaluated during the first trimester scan. The International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology practice guidelines were adopted to standardize first trimester anatomical ultrasound screening. The guidelines outline the importance of

Eduardo Félix Martins Santana, Edward Araujo Júnior, Gabriele Tonni, Fabricio Da Silva Costa, Simon Meagher

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 240–246

Original Paper

High-frequency ultrasound in carpal tunnel syndrome:assessment of patient eligibility for surgical treatment

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment neuropathy and a frequent cause of sick leaves because of work-related hand overload. That is why an early diagnosis and adequate treatment (conservative or surgical) are essential for optimal patient management. Aim: The aim of the study is to assess the usefulness of high-frequency ultrasound in CTS for the assessment of patient eligibility for surgical treatment. Material and methods: The study involved 62 patients (50 women and 12

Katarzyna Kapuścińska, Andrzej Urbanik

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 62, 283–291

research-article

Do ankle, hindfoot, and heel ultrasound findings predict the symptomatology and quality of life in rheumatoid arthritis patients?

heel (MH), and lateral heel (LH). For the purpose of the study, we only used the pressure results obtained at the MF, MH and LH levels. Ultrasonography The US evaluation was performed using GE Logiq S7 ultrasound machine (GE Healthcare, Chicago, USA) with ML6-15 linear transducer (at a frequency adapted to the examined region). In the Power Doppler (PD) mode, the frequency was 9 MHz, the gain was set at a minimal level to avoid noise artifacts, and the Pulse Repetition Frequency (PRF) was set at

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e70–e82

original-paper

Monitoring the response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with breast cancer using ultrasound scattering coefficient: A preliminary report

(depending on the results presented in the literature) in 10–31% of patients, while pPR is seen in 69% to 100% of patients(6–8). (In our study G1 was adopted as non-responding patients). Currently, in the monitoring of patients treated with NAC, clinical breast examination (CBE), mammography (MMG), traditional B-mode ultrasound imaging (US), magnetic resonance imaging with a contrast agent (CA-MRI), or diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) can be used(9). CBE has been shown to be a

Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Hanna Piotrzkowska-Wróblewska, Ziemowit Klimoda, Wojciech Secomski, Piotr Karwat, Ewa Markiewicz-Grodzicka, Agnieszka Kolasińska-Ćwikła, Katarzyna Roszkowska-Purska, Jerzy Litniewski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 89–97

Review

Standards of the Polish Ultrasound Society. Ultrasound examination of the portal system and hepatic vessels

a correct examination and, above all, for the correct interpretation of results. The authors also present requirements regarding the equipment. Moreover,various technical aspects of the examination are presented and the normal morphological picture and hemodynamic parameters of healthy individuals are described. The authors discuss the most common clinical situations and rare cases during ultrasound examinations.The paper is based on the experience of the author who works in the largest center

Robert Lechowicz, Michał Elwertowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 61, 208–226

Original Paper

Ultrasound assessment of the jugular and vertebral veins in healthy individuals: selected physiological aspects and morphological parameters

Aim: Ultrasound assessment of morphological parameters of the internal jugular veins and vertebral veins in healthy individuals as well as their dependence on the patient’s position. Material: The examinations were conducted in 185 healthy individuals (101 females and 84 males) aged 18–89. Ultrasound examinations were conducted with the use of a linear probe with the frequency of 5–9 MHz in the supine (0°) and sitting position (90°). Results: In 154 cases (83.2%) on the

Dorota Czyżewska, Kamil Krysiuk, Konrad Dobrzycki, Andrzej Ustymowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 62, 267–273

Review

The use of ultrasound-guided platelet-rich plasma injections in the treatment of hip osteoarthritis: a systematic review of the literature

Abstract Purpose: This review aims to determine whether ultrasound-guided platelet-rich plasma injection has any role in improving clinical outcomes in patients with hip osteoarthritis. Methods: A search of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence database using the Healthcare Databases Advanced Search tool was conducted. The PubMed database was also utilised to search the Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, Excerpta Medica database, Cumulative Index of Nursing

Mohammed Ali, Ahmed Mohamed, Hussam Elamin Ahmed, Ajay Malviya, Ismael Atchia

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 332–337

Original Paper

Grayscale ultrasound characteristics of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease severity – an adult and pediatric cohort study

Introduction: The most common hereditary kidney condition is autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. It is the cause of 5–10% of end-stage renal disease. Its symptoms are generally late-onset, typically leading to development of hypertension and chronic kidney disease. Ultrasonography is the imaging modality of choice in its diagnosis and management. The aim of this study is to determine the diagnostic value of grayscale ultrasound imaging in evaluating disease severity. Materials and

Marcin Strzelczyk, Michał Podgórski, Susan Afshari, Marcin Tkaczyk, Monika Pawlak-Bratkowska, Piotr Grzelak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 69, 85–90

Review

Recommendations for ultrasound examination in ophthalmology. Part I: Ultrabiomicroscopic examination

Abstract Range of ultrasounds used in medical imaging is between 2 and 80 MHz. The highest frequencies are applied in medical imaging of an anterior segment of an eyeball. This paper covers the newest method of ultrasound imaging – an ultrabiomicroscopic examination. Its name reflects resolution which has so far been unavailable, and which allows for imaging a structure of the examined tissues. The article includes basic information about the structure and principles of operation of

Jacek Kosmala, Iwona Grabska-Liberek, Rimvydas Stanislovas Ašoklis

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 344–348

Original Paper

Mesenteric changes in an ultrasound examination can facilitate the diagnosis of neuroendocrine tumors of the small intestine

enteroclysis supplemented the ultrasound result by providing information about the stage of the disease in 7 cases. In most of the 17 patients with a euroendocrine tumor diagnosed by ultrasound (n = 11, 64.7%), changes in the mesentery were prevailing pathological signs that raised suspicion and, consequently, helped localize the primary lesion. The hypoechoic mesenteric lymph nodes were the greatest (9–18 mm), well-circumscribed, and the largest of them showed signs of vascularization. The size of

Andrzej Smereczyński, Teresa Starzyńska, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 62, 274–282

Review

Recommendations for ultrasound examination in ophthalmology. Part II: Orbital ultrasound

Abstract Pathological processes within the orbits are a heterogeneous group of diseases of various etiologies, clinical pictures and therapy models. Due to poor access to the orbits in a clinical examination, imaging plays a significant role in both diagnosis and treatment monitoring in patients with an orbital pathology. One of such imaging modalities is ultrasonography. It is relatively well-available, rapid and safe for the patient. This paper enumerates indications for an orbital ultrasound

Małgorzata Karolczak-Kulesza, Małgorzata Rudyk, Magdalena Niestrata-Ortiz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 349–354

Research Article

Usefulness of ultrasound examination in the evaluation of a neonate's body fluid status

Material and methodsThe study included 50 neonates from two hospitals in the Lower Silesia region of Poland; 25 of them were healthy patients (full-term newborns with no perinatal complications) and 25 were sick patients (newborns with heart defects such as ostium secundum atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, permanent foramen ovale and patent ductus arteriosus as well as newborns with neonatal jaundice or pneumonia that occurred during the first days of life). The ultrasound scans

Joanna Kieliszczyk, Wojciech Baranowski, Wojciech Kosiak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 125–134

Original Paper

Repeatability and reproducibility of measurements of the suburethral tape location obtained in pelvic floor ultrasound performed with a transvaginal probe

be excellent or good. Conclusions: Excellent and good repeatability and reproducibility of the measurements of the suburethral tape location obtained in a pelvic ultrasound performed with a transvaginal probe confirm the test’s validity and usefulness for clinical and academic purposes.

Maria Magdalena Dresler, Jacek Kociszewski, Edyta Wlaźlak, Piotr Pędraszewski, Agnieszka Trzeciak, Grzegorz Surkont

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 69, 101–105

Review

The role of ultrasound and lymphoscintigraphy in the assessment of axillary lymph nodes in patients with breast cancer

node biopsy preceded by lymphoscintigraphy is used in breast cancer patients with no clinical signs of lymph node metastasis. Due to the limited sensitivity and specificity of physical examination in detecting metastatic lesions, developing an appropriate diagnostic algorithm for the preoperative assessment of axillary lymph nodes seems to be a challenge. The importance of ultrasound in patient qualification for sentinel lymph-node biopsy has been discussed in a number of works. Furthermore

Michał Nieciecki, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Paweł Wareluk, Anna Gumińska, Ewa Białek, Marek Cacko, Leszek Królicki

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 64, 5–15

Case report

Ultrasound findings in extragenital endometriosis

We present a report on ultrasound findings in extragenital endometriosis and a literature review accompanied by illustrations. Intestinal endometriosis should be considered in female patients of reproductive age who present with constipation, gastrointestinal bleeding, nausea, vomiting, cramp-like abdominal pain, diarrhoea and pelvic pain. Although definitive preoperative diagnosis of endometriosis is difficult, clinical suspicion and appropriate imaging might prevent extensive surgical

Yi Dong, Barbara Braden, Christoph Klinger, Tomás Ripolles, Christoph F. Dietrich

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 247–254

Review

intra-abdominal fat, reflection patterns, localization, ultrasound, diagnostic criteria

attention of research institutes owing to being a rich source of stem cells. This review, however, does not include these issues. The identifi cation of fat is relatively easy using computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. It can be more diffi cult in an ultrasound examination for several reasons. The aim of this paper is to present various problems associated with US imaging of unaltered intra-abdominal fat located beyond organs. Based on the literature and

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 62, 318–325

Review

Ultrasound features of sole of foot pathology: a review

Introduction This review aims to provide an overview of common pathologies affecting the sole and their ultrasound and MRI correlates. Specifically, it will consider abnormalities of the plantar fascia, including plantar fasciitis, plantar fascia tears and plantar fibromatosis, in addition to Baxter’s neuropathy, epidermal inclusion cysts, foreign bodies and adventitial bursitis. Together, these encompass significant sources of foot pain(1). Familiarity with these pathologies and their

Claire Filippini, James Teh

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 145–151

Review

Recommendations for ultrasonographic assessment of renal arteries

Abstract The present clinical practice recommendations are addressed to physicians of all specialties, who perform Doppler ultrasound examinations of the kidneys on a daily basis, and in particular to specialists in radiology and imaging diagnostics. The recommendations were based on the Ultrasonography Standards of the Polish Ultrasound Society and current scientific reports consistent with Evidence Based Medicine. The paper discusses patient preparation protocol, examinat ion technique with

Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Maryla Kuczyńska, Łukasz Światłowski, Anna Szymańska, Michał Elwertowski, Agnieszka Marianowska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 338–343

Review Article

Bacterial meningitis in neonates and infants – the sonographic picture

availability of magnetic resonance imaging, cranial ultrasound is the first imaging procedure to be performed (if the anterior fontanelle is preserved providing an adequate acoustic window). The safety and reliability of ultrasound examination, possibility to perform the examination at bedside without the need for sedation make cranial ultrasound a useful tool both for preliminary diagnostic investigation and for the monitoring of both treatment and long-term complications. Sonographic findings in patients

Błażej Littwin, Andrzej Pomiećko, Monika Stępień-Roman, Zeno Spârchez, Wojciech Kosiak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 63–70

Research Article

A comparison of the ultrasound measurement of the inferior vena cava obtained with cardiac and convex transducers

inferior vena cava collapsibility index calculation made with two different probes.Methods20 experienced clinicians blinded to the purpose of the study analysed forty anonymized digital clips of images obtained during ultrasound examination of 20 patients. For each patient, one digital loop was recorded with a cardiac and the second with a convex probe. The participants were asked to determine the maximal and minimal diameters of the inferior vena cava in all presented films. An independent researcher

Paweł Andruszkiewicz, Dorota Sobczyk, Krzysztof Nycz, Izabela Górkiewicz-Kot, Mirosław Ziętkiewicz, Karol Wierzbicki, Jacek Wojtczak, Ilona Kowalik

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 71, 241–245

Review Article

The standards of an ultrasound examination of the prostate gland. Part 2

The paper discusses the rules of the proper performing of the ultrasound examination of the prostate gland. It has been divided into two parts: the general part and the detailed part. The first part presents the necessary requirements related to the ultrasound equipment needed for performing transabdominal and transrectal examinations of the prostate gland. The second part presents the application of the ultrasound examination in benign prostatic hyperplasia, in cases of prostate inflammation

Janusz F. Tyloch, Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 43–58

Review Article

Current standards in abdominal cavity ultrasound examination in children

Technological progress forces us to present after several years the updated standards in ultrasound examination of newborns, infants and older children. It should be emphasized that the examination of the youngest patients requires one to use high-class equipment. Lack of cooperation on the part of the child and imaging small structures constitute a huge challenge for the examiner. The work presents equipment requirements, the technology of examining the abdominal cavity in children and the

Michał Brzewski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 41–42

Review

The diagnosis and management of shoulder pain

Diagnosis is crucial in decision-making when treating a patient with shoulder pain. Ultrasound is also very important in the diagnostic and therapeutic pathway, especially when surgery is being considered. This article outlines the diagnostic pathway using the patient’s history, physical examination and ultrasound examination. It is important to correlate the clinical assessment with the imaging signs. It is also important to treat the patient and not the images as there may be abnormalities

Gina M. Allen

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 234–239

Case report

Ultrasound imaging as the basis of a clinical diagnosis of systemic bartonellosis in a patient after bone marrow transplantation. A case report

targeted treatment to be implemented. Fever subsided and organ lesions regressed. In this case, repeated ultrasound imaging was the basic diagnostic tool that helped arrive at a correct diagnosis and implement effective treatment of this life-threatening complication after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.Zakażenia w warunkach upośledzonej odporności po transplantacji komórek krwiotwórczych mogą mieć ciężki, nietypowy przebieg. Niektóre patogeny oportunistyczne są trudne w detekcji

Aleksandra Krasowska-Kwiecień, Jolanta Goździk, Magdalena Woźniak, Wojciech Czogała

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 204–209

Case report

Is a linear probe helpful in diagnosing diseases of pulmonary interstitial spaces?

In a lung ultrasound examination, interstitial lung lesions are visible as numerous B-line artifacts, and are best recorded with the use of a convex probe. Interstitial lung lesions may result from many conditions, including cardiogenic pulmonary oedema, non-cardiogenic pulmonary oedema, or interstitial lung disease. Hence difficulties in the differential diagnostics of the above clinical conditions. This article presents cases of patients suffering from interstitial lung lesions discovered in

Natalia Buda, Wojciech Kosiak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 69, 136–141

Case report

A reminder of peristalsis as a useful tool in the prenatal differential diagnosis of abdominal cystic masses

With routine antenatal ultrasound and recent advances in ultrasound technology, fetal intraabdominal cystic masses are recognized more often and are better characterized than in the past. They may be classified as solid and cystic, and may originate from multiple structures. When considering the extensive differential diagnosis of cystic masses, the observation of peristalsis narrows the possibilities to the gastrointestinal tract. To find this feature on ultrasound, the examiner must expressly

Eugenio O. Gerscovich, Simran Sekhon, Thomas W. Loehfelm, Sandra L. Wootton-Gorges, Adam Greenspan

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 69, 129–132

Review

Standards of the Polish Ultrasound Society – update. Ultrasound examination of the visceral arteries

Ultrasound examination is a valuable method in diagnosing visceral vasoconstriction of atherosclerotic origin, as well as constriction related to the compression of the celiactrunk. Given the standard stenosis recognition criteria of >70%, the increase in peak systolic velocity (PSV) over 200 cm/s in the celiac trunk; of PSV > 275 cm/s in the superior mesenteric artery, and of PSV > 250 cm/s in the inferior mesenteric artery, thelikelihood of correct diagnosis is above 90%. In the case of

Michał Elwertowski, Robert Lechowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 60, 85–95

Case report

Diagnosis and treatment of posttraumatic arteriovenous fistula in the lower leg – a case report

External injuries are one of the common reasons for reporting to hospital emergency departments. Peripheral vascular injuries occur in up to about 25% of upper and lower extremity injury cases. Arteriovenous fistula is a type of arterial injury. Doppler ultrasound is currently the primary diagnostic method for vascular injuries as it allows for the implementation of appropriately targeted treatment, indicating the potential need for extended diagnosis or patient qualification for endovascular

Jan Sobstyl, Maryla Kuczyńska, Ewa Kuklik, Łukasz Światłowski, Maria Tsitskari, Tomasz Jargiełło

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 166–169

Review

Detailed EFSUM recommendations on the scope of ultrasound assessment in patients with portal hypertension considering the diagnostic reference level

An important paper describing the Standards of the Polish Ultrasound Society regarding the assessment of portal and hepatic vasculature was published in the Journal of Ultrasonography. Due to the multiplicity of morphological and hemodynamic data required, the time needed to obtain these data and the legal responsibility of doctors for the results, there seems to be a need to determine a clear range of the assessed parameters depending on the reference level of a given healthcare facility

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 69, 113–115

Research Article

The sonoanatomy of lumbar erector spinae and its iliac attachment – the potential substrate of the iliac crest pain syndrome, an ultrasound study in healthy subjects

entheses could be assessed in detail by ultrasound, thus their pathological transformation associated with iliac crest pain syndrome could be identified.

Plamen Todorov, Rodina Nestorova, Anastas Batalov

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 16–21

Review Article

Double aorta artifact in sonography – a diagnostic challenge

dissection seems to be of greater significance. The double aorta image occurs when ultrasound waves encounter prismatic fat tissue of the anterior abdominal wall. This artifact is more frequently observed in children and athletic young adults since the structure of this anatomic region in these individuals is conductive to the occurrence of this phenomenon. Moreover, it can be observed more often when curved transducers are used. Due to all these factors, an ultrasound beam undergoes greater refraction

Robert Hadzik, Przemysław Bombiński, Michał Brzewski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 36–40

Review

Standards for the assessment of salivary glands – an update

The paper is an update of 2011 Standards for Ultrasound Assessment of Salivary Glands, which were developed by the Polish Ultrasound Society. We have described current ultrasound technical requirements, assessment and measurement techniques as well as guidelines for ultrasound description. We have also discussed an ultrasound image of normal salivary glands as well as the most important pathologies, such as inflammation, sialosis, collagenosis, injuries and proliferative processes, with

Piotr Zajkowski, Aleksandra Ochal-Choińska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 175–190

Review

Ultrasonographic criteria of cesarean scar defect evaluation

myometrial tear at the wound site. Such an ultrasound appearance is referred to as a niche, and it forms after a cesarean section at the site of the hysterotomy of the anterior uterine wall, most commonly within the uterine isthmus. Currently, the exact cause of niche formation remains unexplained, yet the risk factors for its development are universally acknowledged. They include the site of hysterotomy, multiple previous cesarean section deliveries, suturing technique and maternal diabetes or smoking

Andrzej Woźniak, Krzysztof Pyra, Hugo Rio Tinto, Sławomir Woźniak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 162–165

Case report

Fortuitous diagnosis of “full stomach” made by using ultrasonographic examination of the antrum in two elective patients

We report two cases of patients presenting for elective surgery, in whom significant gastric contents were identified by performing fortuitous ultrasound examination of their antral area. The first patient presented for a day-case surgery scheduled under regional anesthesia. With his consent, ultrasound examination of the antral area was by chance performed within the context of training for this technique, showing significant solid contents in the stomach. The patient admitted that he had not

Lionel Bouvet, Caroline Augris, Clémence Aubergy, Dominique Chassard

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 66, 317–321

Review

High resolution ultrasound for imaging complications of muscle injury: Is there an additional role for elastography?

and the possibility of recurrent injury(1–3). High-resolution ultrasound imaging is extensively used in the workup of muscle injuries. With the advent of the latest generation high-resolution ultrasound scanners equipped with high-frequency probes and advanced B-mode and Doppler technology, muscle tissue can be imaged in exquisite detail allowing the depiction of subtle abnormalities. The sensitivity of high-resolution ultrasound can be comparable to that of MRI in the acute setting (between 2–48

Eleni E. Drakonaki, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Christos Sinopidis, Panagiotis Givissis

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 137–144

Review

Value of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome – literature review

(2003) and Androgen Excess & PCOS Society (2006). This criterion is determined by the presence of ≥12 follicles within the ovary with a diameter of 2–9 mm and/or ovarian volume ≥10 cm3. Such an ultrasound image in one gonad only is suffi cient to defi ne polycystic ovaries. The coexistence of polycystic ovaries with polycystic ovary syndrome is confi rmed in over 90% of cases irrespective of ethnic factors or race. However, because of the commonness of ultrasound features of polycystic ovaries in

Michał Bachanek, Nebil Abdalla, Krzysztof Cendrowski, Włodzimierz Sawicki

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 63, 410–422

Review

The standards of an ultrasound examination of the prostate gland. Part 1

The article discusses the principles of the proper performance of the ultrasound examination of the prostate gland. The paper has been divided into two parts: the general one and the detailed one. The first part presents the necessary requirements referring to the ultrasound apparatus for performing transabdominal examinations of the urinary bladder and the prostate gland as well as for transrectal examinations of the prostate gland. The paper also describes the techniques of performing both

Janusz F. Tyloch, Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 67, 378–390

Original Paper

Ultrasound-guided thrombin injection in the management of pseudoaneurysm after percutaneous arterial access

Aim: The purpose of this paper was to evaluate the efficacy of ultrasound-guided percutaneous thrombin injection as a treatment method for arterial access site pseudoaneurysm. Materials and methods: A total of 148 patients with iatrogenic arterial access site pseudoaneurysms were treated in the Department of Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, Medical University of Lublin. Of those, 142 pseudoaneurysms were located in the common femoral artery, 3 in the brachial artery and the

Tomasz Jargiełło, Jan Sobstyl, Łukasz Światłowski, Maryla Kuczyńska, Ewa Kuklik, Michał Sojka, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Maciej Pech, Maciej Powerski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 85–89

Case report

Ultrasound diagnostics of a spontaneous arteriovenous fistula of the head and neck

An arteriovenous fistula is an abnormal connection between the arterial and venous systems. In the literature, there are well-described ultrasound findings of iatrogenic arteriovenous fis­tula as a potential complication from percutaneous transarterial or transvenous procedures. The most important sign is direct visualization of the fistula in the place of the access site. It is necessary to look for secondary signs of arterialization of the veins, which can suggest a diagnosis of an

Maria Vadimovna Zakharkina, Andrey Olegovich Chechetkin, Marina Victorovna Krotenkova, Rodion Nikolaevich Konovalov

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 217–221

Editorial

Rheumatoid arthritis: what do MRI and ultrasound show

limited specificity of findings. This paper summarizes the pathogenesis phenomena of rheumatoid arthritis and describes rheumatoid arthritis-related features of the disease within the synovium, subchondral bone marrow and articular fat tissue on MRI and ultrasound. Moreover, the paper aims to illustrate the significance of MRI and ultrasound findings in rheumatoid arthritis in the diagnosis of subclinical and early inflammation, and the importance of MRI and US in the follow-up and establishing

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Lennart Jans, James Teh

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 5–16

Review Article

Clinical applications of spleen ultrasound elastography – a review

In the last few years, notable technical progress has taken place in ultrasound elastography. Qualitative methods have been replaced by quantitative ones, such as: transient elastography, acoustic radiation force impulse and shear wave elastography. Owing to the fact that the spleen is superficially located, it is possible to obtain reliable measuring accuracy of its hardness using sonoelastography. Lately, many researchers have been investigating how spleen elasticity changes in patients

Rafał Mazur, Milena Celmer, Jurand Silicki, Daniel Hołownia, Patryk Pozowski, Krzysztof Międzybrodzki

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 37–41

Original Paper

Difficulties in differentiating the nature of ascites based on ultrasound imaging

Transabdominal ultrasound not always allows to determine the nature of ascites based solely on its characteristics. Aim: The aim of the study was to present difficulties in determining the nature of ascites using transabdominal ultrasonography solely based on extra-organ lesions as well as, after the inclusion of the overall abdominal assessment and the clinical picture. Materials and methods: A total of 18 patients with non-neoplastic ascites and 62 patients with neoplastic ascites whose final

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 69, 96–100

Case report

Charcot arthropathy in ultrasound examination – a case report

Mateusz Płaza, Anna Nowakowska-Płaza, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz, Marek Chojnowski, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 210–215

Review

A review of ultrasonographic methods for the assessment of the anterior cruciate ligament in patients with knee instability – diagnostics using a posterior approach

ultrasound anterior cruciate ligament assessment techniques helps increase diagnostic accuracy.MethodsUltrasonography is used as an adjunctive technique in the diagnosis of anterior cruciate ligament injury. The paper presents a sonographic technique for the assessment of suspected anterior cruciate ligament insufficiency supplemented by the use of a dynamic examination. This technique can be recommended as an additional procedure in routine ultrasound diagnostics of anterior cruciate ligament

Tomasz Poboży, Maciej Kielar

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 66, 288–295

Original Paper

Shear wave elastography in medullary thyroid carcinoma diagnostics

Aim:The aim of the study was to assess the clinical usefulness of SWE in medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) diagnostics.Materials and methods:A total of 169 focal lesions were identified in the study group (139 patients), including 6 MTCs in 4 patients (mean age: 45 years). B-mode ultrasound and SWE were performed using Aixplorer (SuperSonic, Aix-en-Provence), with a 4–15 MHz linear probe. The ultrasound was performed to assess the echogenicity and echostructure of the lesions, their margin, the

Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Anna Gumińska, Elwira Bakuła-Zalewska, Krzysztof Mlosek, Rafał Z. Słapa, Paweł Wareluk, Agnieszka Krauze, Agnieszka Ziemiecka, Bartosz Migda, Wiesław Jakubowski, Marek Dedecjus

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 63, 358–367

Review

Ultrasound image of the thyroid gland in obese children

Obesity as a disease of affl uence also affects younger children. Numerous observations suggest a link between excessive body weight and thyroid function disorders.Subclinical hypothyroidism has been diagnosed increasingly frequently in patients with obesity. A growing number of papers also point to morphological changes of the thyroidgland in the ultrasound examination in obese children. These reports mainly concern changes in echogenicity. The present paper discusses the most important

Józef Szczyrski, Wojciech Kosiak, Maria Korpal-Szczyrska, Małgorzata Myśliwiec

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 63, 423–428

Review

Introduction to ultrasound elastography

. In the 90's, ultrasonography was extended by the option of examining the stiffness of tissue by estimating the difference in backscattering of ultrasound in compressed and non-compressed tissue. This modality is referred to as the static, compression elastography and is based on tracking the deformation of tissue subjected to the slowly varying compression through the recording of the backscattered echoes. The displacement is estimated using the methods of cross-correlation between consecutive

Andrzej Nowicki, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 113–124

case-report

A developmental variant of the thyroid cartilage

Case report A 32 year-old woman was referred for a neck sonography (US) due to a history of pain in the right submandibular area. Her past medical history was negative. On ultrasound, the thyroid gland, the parotid and sub-mandibular glands were normal. We noted three homogenously hypoechoic well-defined avascular foci of up to 4 mm: two right-sided and one left-sided in the thyroid cartilage (Fig. 1). Fig. 1. Sagittal ultrasound images of the neck demonstrating hypoechoic well-defined

Sanaa Jamali, Etienne Danse

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 171–172

Review

Ultrasound imaging of the liver and bile ducts – expectations of a clinician

Since diseases of the liver and bile ducts are common, a clinician is faced by the need to implement an appropriate diagnostic process. It is necessary to apply diagnostic methods that enable appropriate assessment of the most common pathologies of the liver, i.e. fi brosis, steatosis and focal lesions, as well as initial assessment of the bile ducts. These goals can be achieved using ultrasound methods based on conventional sonography, contrast-enhanced sonography and

Krzysztof Skoczylas, Andrzej Pawełas

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 62, 292–306

Case report

The value of ultrasound in the diagnosis of limited scleroderma – a case report

rheumatologist for plain radiography and ultrasound examination of hands due to pain and swelling of the fourth fi nger of the left hand. Dermal induration affecting hands, especially fourth fi nger on the left side and the Raynaud phenomenon were observed on physical examination. Furthermore, the patient had noticed periodic discharge with a toothpaste consistency from a tiny fi stula localised in the vicinity of the fourth fi nger alterations. The paper emphasises a possible application of the twinkling

Grzegorz Pracoń, Mateusz Płaza, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 62, 326–331

Review

The role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of occult scaphoid fractures

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence database using the Healthcare Databases Advanced Search tool. In addition, we utilized the PubMed database to search the Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, Excerpta Medica database, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health and Allied and Complimentary Medicine databases. Studies were included if they discuss the role of ultrasound imaging in the diagnosis of scaphoid fractures based on cortical interruption, radio-carpal

Mohammed Ali, Mujtaba Ali, Ahmed Mohamed, Syed Mannan, Farshid Fallahi

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 325–331

Case report

Two case reports of synchronous unilateral pleomorphic adenoma and cystadenolymphoma of the parotid gland with literature review

Abstract Background: Synchronous unilateral tumors in the parotid glands account for less than 5–10% of all salivary gland neoplasms. Mostly these are cystadenolymphomas, but tumors of different histological types can be found as well. In these cases it is often pleomorphic adenoma in combination with cystadenolymphoma. Ultrasound is the first choice imaging modality. Case report: We present two patients with two simultaneous tumors in a unilateral parotid gland. In each case, B-mode ultrasound

Daniela Heine, Johannes Zenk, Georgios Psychogios

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 369–373

Case report

Mucinous borderline ovarian tumor: a case report with diagnostic insights on ultrasound findings

Anna Szymańska-Dubowik, Marcin Śniadecki, Agnieszka Bianek-Bodzak, Marcin Liro, Edyta Szurowska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 67, 411–416

Original Paper

Comparison of voiding cystourethrography and urosonography with second-generation contrast agents in simultaneous prospective study

Background: The invasiveness and exposure to radiation in voiding cystourethrography led to the introduction of alternative methods of diagnosis of vesicoureteral reflux, including contrast enhanced voiding urosonography. While there is a limited number of studies comparing these methods using new generation ultrasound contrast agents, none of them compared both methods simultaneously. This study is aimed at assessing agreement between contrast enhanced voiding urosonography with second

Maciej Piskunowicz, Dominik Świętoń, Dorota Rybczyńska, Piotr Czarniak, Arkadiusz Szarmach, Mariusz Kaszubowski, Edyta Szurowska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 67, 339–347

Case report

Granulomatous prostatitis after intravesical immunotherapy mimicking prostate cancer

granulomatous prostatitis in a 61-year-old patient which occurred after the first course of a well-tolerated Bacillus Calmette-Guérin therapy is presented. Due to abnormalities found in rectal examination and an abnormal transrectal ultrasound image of the prostate with extensive infiltration mimicking neoplastic hyperplasia a core biopsy of the prostate was performed. Histopathological examination revealed inflammatory infiltration sites of tuberculosis origin.

Waldemar Białek, Sławomir Rudzki, Paweł Iberszer, Lech Wronecki

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 67, 404–410

Review

Ultrasound screening for pyelectasis in pregnant women. Clinical necessity or “art for art’s sake”?

pregnant woman and to prematurity, anemia, congenital pneumonia or sepsis in the child. In a study conducted at the 3rd Department of Gynecology of the Medical University of Lublin it was concluded that unilateral pyelectasis of more than 20 cm3 is associated with a significant increase in the risk of asymptomatic bacteriuria. This volume corresponds to grade 3 and/or 4 pelvicalyceal dilatation according to the Society for Fetal Urology/European Federation of Societies for Ultrasound in Medicine and

Piotr Szkodziak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 152–157

Review Article

Current knowledge on the use of ultrasound measurements of fetal soft tissues for the assessment of pregnancy development

Ultrasonography, with its detailed imaging of the fetus, is very widely used in obstetrics. The primary aim of ultrasound scanning in pregnancy is to limit the risk of obstetric complications by early detection of abnormalities, such as intrauterine growth restriction and macrosomia. Currently, morphometric formulae are used for estimating fetal weight. They utilize basic biometric parameters. However, Hadlock formula, used for fetal weight estimation, has an error rate of 20%. For this reason

Aleksandra Warska, Anna Maliszewska, Anna Wnuk, Beata Szyszka, Włodzimierz Sawicki, Krzysztof Cendrowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 50–55

Review

Visceral artery aneurysms – classification, diagnosis and treatment

its location and may involve intraperitoneal hemorrhage, gastrointestinal and portal system bleeding with concomitant portal hypertension and bleeding from esophageal varices. Wide access to diagnostic tests, for example ultrasound, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging, helps establish the correct diagnosis and a therapeutic plan as well as select appropriate treatment. After a procedure, the same diagnostic tools enable assessment of treatment efficacy, or are used for the monitoring

Ewa Piasek, Michał Sojka, Maryla Kuczyńska, Łukasz Światłowski, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Olga Furmaga, Tomasz Jargiełło

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 148–151

Research Article

Urethral length measurement in women during sonographic urethrocystography – an analysis of repeatability and reproducibility

AimAn assessment of repeatability and reproducibility of urethral length measurements during sonographic urethrocystography in females with a full bladder in the introital approach, using real-time two-dimensional transvaginal ultrasound.Material and methodsThe ultrasound was performed in accordance with a standardized technique in female patients with a full bladder containing 200–300 mL of liquid. A total of 92 patients were included in the analysis.ResultsThe Intraclass Correlation

Edyta Wlaźlak, Jacek Kociszewski, Jacek Suzin, Maria Dresler, Grzegorz Surkont

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 64, 25–31

research-article

Fetal ultrasound estimated weight and correlation to Brazilian newborn weight

that predicts neonatal morbidity and mortality. The association between prematurity, low birth weight and neonatal mortality/morbidity is well established(3). This statement makes it clear that fetal weight calculation is an important factor in obstetric practice, as this is often decisive in continuing or interrupting high risk pregnancies. Ultrasound, a technique that depends on equipment and specialized human resources, is the most important method for estimating fetal weight. However, even with

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e106–e110

Case report

A twin pregnancy with a hydatidiform mole and a coexisting live fetus: prenatal diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up

pregnancy with a hydatidiform mole and a coexisting live fetus diagnosed at gestational week 14 using two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging. We also describe the obstetric management and postmolar follow-up.

Antonio Braga, Bruna Obeica, Heron Werner, Sue Yazaki Sun, Joffre Amim Júnior, Jorge Rezende Filho, Edward Araujo Júnior

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 71, 299–305

case-report

Juvenile spondyloarthritis and chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis overlap syndrome in a 16-year-old adolescent. A case report and literature review

ultrasound, peripheral arthritis, including in the left ankle (Fig. 1), left knee, the first metatarsophalangeal joint of the left foot and the right sternoclavicular joint was confirmed. On X-ray of the spine, rotoscoliosis of the thoracic and lumbar spine was found. Laboratory tests revealed moderately elevated inflammatory markers and the presence of the HLA-B27 antigen. Fig. 1. Developing erosion filled with a hypertrophic synovial membrane with increased vascularization and effusion on ultrasound

Michał Znajdek, Agnieszka Gazda, Piotr Gietka, Marta Wysmołek, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 152–157

Review

The role of ultrasound and nuclear medicine methods in the preoperative diagnostics of primary hyperparathyroidism

precise location of parathyroid tissue during the preoperative imaging. Scintigraphy and ultrasound play a major role in the diagnostic algorithms. The effi cacy of both methods has been repeatedly verifi ed and compared. The still-current guidelines of the European Association of Nuclear Medicine (2009) emphasize the complementary role of scintigraphy and ultrasonography in the preoperative diagnostics in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. At the same time, attempts are made to improve both

Michał Nieciecki, Marek Cacko, Leszek Królicki

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 63, 398–409

Case report

Heterotopic pregnancy – how easily you can go wrong in diagnosing? A case study

, she was diagnosed with a heterotopic pregnancy, and therefore was operated on, with the excision of the ruptured fallopian tube and the ectopic pregnancy performed. Discussion: The presence of an intrauterine pregnancy does not rule out the presence of a coexisting ectopic pregnancy. Clinicians should always keep in mind that a heterotopic pregnancy may occur in a woman of reproductive age. Careful ultrasound scan of the uterus and appendages is a must in all women of reproductive age with

Michał Ciebiera, Aneta Słabuszewska-Jóźwiak, Kornelia Zaręba, Grzegorz Jakiel

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 355–358

Original Paper

Ultrasound image of malignant bone tumors in children. An analysis of nine patients diagnosed in 2011–2016

Introduction: The diagnostic process of bone tumors, including malignant ones, is based on conventional radiological methods, such as radiography and computed tomography, and with precise assessment of local advancement in magnetic resonance imaging. Ultrasonography is not included in the diagnostic algorithms as a tool suitable to detect this type of pathology. More and more frequent usage of musculoskeletal ultrasound in children as the first imaging method or, in some cases, as the only

Tomasz Madej, Joanna Flak-Nurzyńska, Ewa Dutkiewicz, Anna Ciechomska, Jerzy Kowalczyk, Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 103–111

Review

Intra-abdominal fat. Part III. Neoplasms lesions of the adipose tissue

epithelioid tumor at this site is mesothelioma. The last but not least group includes secondary malignant tumors without an adipocyte component located in intra-abdominal fat. This is the most numerous group with prevailing carcinoma foci. For each of these groups, the authors present ultrasound features of individual lesions and discuss their differential diagnosis. In the vast majority of cases, the material for cytological and histological analysis can be obtained during ultrasound-guided procedures

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 145–154

Original Paper

Applications of intraoperative ultrasound in the treatment of complicated cases of acute and chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer – own experience

Both acute and chronic infl ammation of the pancreas often lead to complications that nowadays can be resolved using endoscopic and surgical procedures. In many cases,intraoperative ultrasound examination (IOUS) enables correct assessment of the extent of the lesion, and allows for safe surgery, while also shortening its length. Aim of theresearch: At the authors’ clinic, intraoperative ultrasound is performed in daily practice. In this paper, we try to share our experiences in the application

Grzegorz Ćwik, Michał Solecki, Grzegorz Grzegorz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 60, 56–71

Original Paper

3D/4D contrast-enhanced urosonography (ceVUS) in children – is it superior to the 2D technique?

Background: By now, two-dimensional contrast-enhanced voiding urosonography (ceVUS) has become a well-established method for the diagnosis and treatment monitoring of vesicoureteral reflux in children, particularly after the recent approval for this application in children in the USA and in Europe. The introduction of three-dimensional static (3D) and real-time (4D) techniques with ultrasound contrast agents opens up new diagnostic opportunities for this imaging modality. Objective: To analyze

Magdalena Maria Woźniak, Paweł Osemlak, Aikaterini Ntoulia, Halina Borzęcka, Beata Bieniaś, Agnieszka Brodzisz, Grzegorz Jędrzejewski, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Maciej Powerski, Maciej Pech, Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 120–125

Review

Intra-abdominal fat. Part II: Non-cancerous lesions of the adipose tissue localized beyond organs

Adipose tissue does not belong to the most favorite structures to be visualized by ultrasound. It is not, however, free from various pathologies. The aim of this paper is to make abdominal cavity examiners more familiar with non-cancerous lesions found in intra-abdominal fat. The main focus is lesions that are rarely discussed in the literature. Visceral adiposity is one of important pathogenetic factors contributing to cardiovascular events, metabolic syndrome and even certain neoplasms. That

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 64, 32–43

Original Paper

New aspects in shear-wave elastography of prostate cancer

Aim: This study was designed to evaluate the performance of shear-wave elastography as a diagnostic tool for prostate cancer in a larger cohort of patients than previouslyreported. Patients and methods: Seventy-three patients with suspected prostate carcinoma were investigated by ultrasound elastography followed by directed biopsy. The elastographic and histological results for all biopsies were compared. Results: After exclusion of invalid and non-assessable results, 794 samples were obtained

Markus Porsch, Johann Jakob Wendler, Uwe-Bernd Liehr, Anke Lux, Martin Schostak, Maciej Pech

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 60, 5–14

Case report

Capillary hemangioma of the testis. A case report of a rare benign tumor

ultrasound scan of the scrotum revealed a lesion located in the upper pole of the left testis, 24 mm in diameter with slightly decreased echogenicity and irregular contours, which suggested infiltration of the tunica albuginea of the testis. Color and power Doppler scans demonstrated a dense network of blood vessels and increased blood flow in the lesion described. In addition, 3D ultrasound scan images were obtained, which allowed for a thorough determination of the topography of the lesion. No

Waldemar Białek, Sławomir Rudzki, Lech Wronecki

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 64, 87–93

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