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case-report | 28-June-2019

Sonographic diagnosis of large-cell calcifying Sertoli cell tumor

lesions with acoustic shadowing in the left testis (Fig. 1A). All lesions were smaller than 1 cm in diameter and had peripheral vascularization in color and spectral Doppler (Fig. 1B). These lesions were also consistent with large-cell calcifying Sertoli cell tumor (LCCSCT). Indeed, the pathology specimens re-evaluated in our institution were diagnosed as LCCSCT (Fig. 2, Fig. 3). Fig. 1. Longitudinal sonogram of the left testis shows multiple diffuse hyperechoic masses with acoustic shadowing. B

Osman Ocal, Dilek Ertoy Baydar, Ilkay Sedakat Idilman, Hasan Serkan Dogan, Serdat Tekgul, Mustafa Ozmen

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 161–164

Review Paper | 06-April-2016

Anticonvulsant therapy in brain-tumor related epilepsy

Background. The lifetime risk of patients with brain tumors to have focal epileptic seizures is 10–100%; the risk depends on different histology. Specific guidelines for drug treatment of brain tumor-related seizures have not yet been established. Aim. This review addresses the special aspects of antiepileptic drug (AED) therapy in brain tumor-related epilepsy. Methods. We analyzed the literature up to December 2015. Results. Based on current evidence the management of tumor-related

Walter Fröscher, Timo Kirschstein, Johannes Rösche

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 1, 41–56

Case report | 24-February-2017

Mucinous borderline ovarian tumor: a case report with diagnostic insights on ultrasound findings

approaches that might bring some insights on tumor histology. Furthermore, it raises a question about which imaging techniques should be proposed for a reliable diagnosis of borderline ovarian tumors to ensure safe surgery planning.

Anna Szymańska-Dubowik, Marcin Śniadecki, Agnieszka Bianek-Bodzak, Marcin Liro, Edyta Szurowska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 67, 411–416

Case report | 13-September-2016

Contralateral adrenal metastasis from renal cell carcinoma with tumor thrombus in the adrenal vein:a case report

A 64-year-old woman presented with contralateral right adrenal metastasis with adrenal vein thrombus, which was diagnosed many years after left nephrectomy with adrenalectomy due to renal cell cancer. The patient underwent right adrenalectomy with adrenal vein tumor thrombectomy for treatment. The pathologic examination confi rmed metastatic clear cell carcinoma. The remote but existing risk of developing contralateral adrenal metastasis (CAM) after primary radical nephrectomy supports the idea

Sebastian Piotrowicz, Natalia Muśko, Mieszko Kozikowski, Łukasz Nyk, Andrzej Borówka, Jakub Dobruch

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 438–442

Article | 01-June-2015


The most difficult and challenging problem in medical image analysis is image segmentation. Due to the limited imaging capability of magnetic resonance (MR), the sampled magnetic resonance images from clinic always suffer from noise, bias filed (also known as intensity non-uniformity), partial volume effects and motive artifacts. In additional, for the complex shape boundary and topology of brain tissues and structures, segmenting magnetic resonance image of brain tumor fast, accurately and

Liu Erlin, Wang Meng, Teng Jianfeng, Li Jianjian

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 2, 1031–1049

Case report | 29-March-2016

Capillary hemangioma of the testis. A case report of a rare benign tumor

This paper presents the case of a very rare capillary hemangioma of the testis in a 23-year-old patient. Physical examination revealed a tumor located in the upper pole of the left testis, which was suspected of being malignant due to its significantly increased density and irregular contours. Blood levels of the following tumor markers were determined: alpha-fetoprotein, human chorionic gonadotropin and lactate dehydrogenase. No abnormalities were found in any of these tests. A gray-scale

Waldemar Białek, Sławomir Rudzki, Lech Wronecki

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 64, 87–93

case-report | 28-June-2019

Sonographic appearance of angiomyofibroblastoma-like tumor of the scrotum

Introduction Angiomyofibroblastoma (AMF) is a rare, slow-growing and usually asymptomatic benign mesenchymal tumor that pre-dominantly arises in the genital tract, vulva, perineum and pelvis in women, while angiomyofibroblastoma-like (AMF-like) tumors develop in the inguinal region, scrotum and perineum in men(1). They usually arise in the 5th–6th decade of life. This type of tumor is derived from perivascular stem cells and has capacity of lipoid and myofibroblastic differentiation. AMF-like

Tamar Kass, David Cohen, Paul Gottlieb, Simon Strauss

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 158–160

Original Paper | 10-August-2017

Difficulties in differentiating the nature of ascites based on ultrasound imaging

diagnosis was based on cytological and histopathological findings were evaluated between 2005 and 2015. Abdominal ultrasound was performed to detect the presence of fluid in all accessible spaces, and, additionally, to determine the presence of potential peritoneal tumor implants as well as to evaluate the parietal peritoneum and the greater omentum. Different digital ultrasound machines equipped with 3–6 MHz and linear 7–12 MHz transducers were used in the study. Double-sided Fisher’s

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 69, 96–100

Review | 30-June-2017

Can ultrasound be helpful in selecting optimal management methods for pregnancies complicated by placental non-trophpblastic tumors?

away from the vasculature to prevent toxicity. Microcoils should be inserted as near as possible to the tumor to prevent collateral formation. Ultrasound is also a method of choice for monitoring the effectiveness of these procedures.

Nabil Abdalla, Robert Piórkowski, Paweł Stanirowski, Monika Pazura, Krzysztof Cendrowski, Włodzimierz Sawicki

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 69, 116–122

Case report | 10-January-2018

Importance of a Multidisciplinary Team Approach for Optimizing Pituitary Surgery Outcomes

some instances neuro-ophthalmologist, oncologist, radiation oncologist and interventional neuroradiologist. Appropriate investigations are undertaken and a further meeting arranged at which all opinions are discussed. A reasoned treatment regimen is recommended, taking into consideration the patient’s wishes and overall medical condition. This manuscript describes the team approach currently employed in the Brain Tumor Center and Pituitary Disorders Program at Providence Saint John&rsquo

Amy A. Eisenberg, Nancy Mclaughlin, Pejman Cohan, Chester Griffiths, Garni Barkhoudarian, Daniel Kelly

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 25 , ISSUE 1, 24–30

case-report | 28-June-2019

Intraoperative decision to change the course of management based on an ultrasonographic image of urinary bladder paraganglioma – a case study

Case report A 69-year-old patient was admitted to a urinary ward due to a primary tumor of the urinary bladder. An exophytic tumor was found in a trans-abdominal ultrasonographic examination conducted after an episode of asymptomatic hematuria. Based on the ultrasonographic examination, the patient was qualified for a transurethral electro-resection of the tumor. During the surgery, a tumor ca. 25 mm in diameter, with a smooth surface and a rich network of curved submucosal vessels was found on

Waldemar Białek, Piotr Kawecki, Katarzyna Dyndor, Lech Wronecki, Sławomir Rudzki

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 165–170

Case report | 31-January-2019

Portal vein tumor thrombus from gastric cancer

Sidney Ching Liang Ong, Santha Kumari Batumaly, Suryani Md Jusoh

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 75, 365–368

Review Article | 29-December-2017

Chest wall – a structure underestimated in ultrasonography. Part III: Neoplastic lesions

Chest wall neoplasms mainly include malignancies, metastatic in particular. Differential diagnosis should include clinical data; tumor location, extent, delineation; the degree of homogeneity; the presence of calcifications; the nature of bone destruction and the degree of vascularization. The aim of the paper is to present both the benefits and limitations of ultrasound for the diagnosis of chest wall neoplasms. The neoplastic process may be limited to the chest wall; it may spread from the

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 71, 281–288

Case report | 31-March-2017

Posterior interosseous nerve palsy caused by a ganglion: Conservative treatment with ultrasound-guided needle aspiration

Yasuhiro Seki

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 68, 73–75

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Echogenicity of benign adrenal focal lesions on imaging with new ultrasound techniques – report with pictorial presentation

parameter of hypoechogenicity or homogeneity of the lesion was demonstrated with the sensitivity and specificity of 100% and 41.7%, respectively. The larger the benign adrenal tumor was, the more frequently did it turn out to have a mixed and inhomogenous echogenicity (p < 0.05; ROC areas under the curve: 0.832 and 0.805, respectively).Conclusions:A variety of echogenicity patterns of benign adrenal focal lesions was demonstrated. The image of an adrenal tumor correlates with its size. The ultrasound

Rafał Z. Słapa, Anna A. Kasperlik-Załuska, Bartosz Migda, Maciej Otto, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Wiesław S. Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 368–376

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Mesenteric changes in an ultrasound examination can facilitate the diagnosis of neuroendocrine tumors of the small intestine

Neuroendocrine tumors make up an interesting pathology of a variable clinical picture, prognosis, localization, endocrine activity and degree of malignancy. Aim: The aim of this paper is to assess whether ultrasonography can be helpful in diagnosing neuroendocrine tumors in the small intestine by analyzing changes in the mesentery. Material and methods:From 1996 to 2013, we encountered 17 patients (9 women and 8 men at the mean age of 57) with a neuroendocrine tumor in the small intestine. The

Andrzej Smereczyński, Teresa Starzyńska, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 62, 274–282

Review | 18-April-2017

Kidney ultrasound – what is important for a urologist?

shape of the calyces proves elevated pressure within the pelvicalyceal system. Hydronephrosis is present when urinary retention has led to thinning the renal parenchyma. In each case, one should identify the reason for urinary retention in the upper urinary tract. Urinary retention on both sides requires one to exclude urinary bladder tumor, it may also be caused by a benign prostatic hyperplasia. Ultrasound examination is a sensitive method of renal stones detection

Tomasz Szopiński, Elżbieta Keller, František Záťura

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 67, 371–377

Case report | 25-September-2018

Spontaneous resolution of unifocal Langerhans cell histiocytosis of the skull: potential role of ultrasound in detection and imaging follow-up

Langerhans cell histiocytosis is a tumor-like condition characterized by idiopathic proliferation of Langerhans cells. The disease may involve the skeleton as well as other organs systems. Bone involvement may be solitary or multifocal. Unifocal osseous Langerhans cell histiocytosis may involve virtually any bone, with the calvarium being most frequently involved. Plain radiography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are the most used techniques for detection and

Filip M. Vanhoenacker, Joris Verlooy, Mania De Praeter

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 74, 265–270

Case report | 31-August-2018

Embolization of iatrogenic renal arteriovenous fistula – a case report

Renal artery pseudoaneurysms and arteriovenous fistulae most often occur as an iatrogenic complication. The article discusses a case of a patient diagnosed with an arteriovenous fistula and a pseudoaneurysm. A 64-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital due to nonspecific pain in the lumbar region. Imaging showed a typical picture of clear cell renal carcinoma. The patient was qualified for surgical treatment. After tumor resection, the patient developed microhematuria. Arteriovenous fistula

Ewa Kuklik, Krzysztof Pyra, Łukasz Światłowski, Maryla Kuczyńska, Jan Sobstyl, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Tomasz Jargiełło, Maria Tsitskari, Małgorzata Szczerbo-Trojanowska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 170–173

Review | 25-September-2018

Articular abnormalities that may mimic arthritis

There are numerous abnormalities that present with similar signs and symptoms to arthritis. In this article some of these conditions that can masquerade as arthritis are discussed. Synovial osteochondromatosis is an uncommon benign disorder marked by the metaplastic proliferation of multiple cartilaginous nodules in the synovial membrane of the joints, bursae, or tendon sheaths. Pigmented villonodular synovitis, also known as diffuse-type tenosynovial giant cell tumor, is a locally destructive

Adam Greenspan, Andrew J. Grainger

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 74, 212–223

Article | 01-June-2016


A. Lay-Ekuakille, P. Vergallo, I. Jabłoński, S. Casciaro, F. Conversano

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 2, 1156–1176

Review | 13-September-2016

Standards of ultrasound imaging of the adrenal glands

histopathological entities but cortical adenomas without hormonal hyperfunction are the most common. Each abdominal ultrasound scan of a child or adult should include the assessment of the suprarenal areas. If a previously non-reported, incidental solid focal lesion exceeding 1 cm (incidentaloma) is detected in the suprarenal area, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging should be conducted to confi rm its presence and for differentiation and the tumor functional status should be determined

Rafał Z. Słapa, Wiesław S. Jakubowski, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Anna A. Kasperlik-Załuska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 377–387

original-paper | 30-November-2018

Dependence of Colonization of the Large Intestine by Candida on the Treatment of Crohn’s Disease

therapeutic approach is called conventional therapy. The biologic therapy with anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNFα) is recommended for treatment of patients with moderate to severe CD who didn’t respond to conventional treatment (with thiopurines or methotrexate). Infliximab (IFX) is the biologic agent used most often as a first-line treatment in the pediatric population. Induction doses of 5 mg/kg are given intravenously in 0, 2 and 6 weeks mode, followed by maintenance infusions every eight


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 1, 121–126

Review | 24-February-2017

The value of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of varicocele

, it is necessary to exclude renal tumor and extend diagnostic ultrasound with the assessment of the abdominal cavity. The diagnosis of varicocele is based on medical history and physical examination, which involves palpation and observation of the scrotum at rest and during the Valsalva maneuver. Ultrasound is the imaging method of choice. The width and the number of vessels in the pampiniform plexus as well as the evaluation and measurement of regurgitation during the Valsalva maneuver are

Tomasz Lorenc, Leszek Krupniewski, Piotr Palczewski, Marek Gołębiowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 67, 359–370

Original Paper | 31-August-2018

Ultrasound image of malignant bone tumors in children. An analysis of nine patients diagnosed in 2011–2016

at the beginning of the diagnostic process before the histopathological diagnosis was established and treatment initiated. The assessment involved ultrasonographic features indicating the presence of a tumor. Results: In the group of 9 patients, 8 malignant bone tumors were diagnosed in ultrasonography and later verified histopathologically: 4 osteosarcomas and 4 Ewing’s sarcomas. In one case, two bone tumors were detected in ultrasonography without specification of their nature (malignant/benign

Tomasz Madej, Joanna Flak-Nurzyńska, Ewa Dutkiewicz, Anna Ciechomska, Jerzy Kowalczyk, Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 103–111

Review Article | 31-March-2017

Mistakes in ultrasound diagnosis of superficial lymph nodes

different pathologies. For instance, a lymph node, whether normal or abnormal, may be mimicked by anatomical structures, such as a partially visible, compressed vein. Lymph nodes in lymphomas may be indistinguishable from reactive lymph nodes, even when using Doppler option, as well as morphologically difficult to distinguish from metastases. Metastatic lymph nodes can mimic e.g. nodular, separated postoperative thyroid fragments, a lateral neck cyst, chemodectoma (carotid body tumor) or neuroma. The

Ewa J. Białek, Wiesław Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 68, 59–65

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Applications of intraoperative ultrasound in the treatment of complicated cases of acute and chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer – own experience

 procedures in cases of overpressure in the pancreatic ducts caused by calcifi cation of the parenchyma or choledocholitiasis in chronic pancreatitis. In pancreatic cancer, IOUS provides a verifi cation of the local extent of tumor-like lesions, allowing for the assessment of pancreatic and lymph nodes metastasis, and indicating the presence of distant and local metastases, including the liver. IOUS signifi cantly improves the effectiveness of intraoperative BAC aspiration or drainage of fl uid reservoirs.

Grzegorz Ćwik, Michał Solecki, Grzegorz Grzegorz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 60, 56–71

Review Article | 29-December-2017

Fine-needle versus core-needle biopsy – which one to choose in preoperative assessment of focal lesions in the breasts? Literature review

recommendations of the Polish Ultrasound Society and American College of Radiology, BIRADS 4 and 5 lesions should be evaluated histopathologically. Core-needle biopsy makes it possible to establish a final diagnosis more frequently than fine-needle biopsy, both in the case of benign and malignant lesions. It delivers more information about the nature of a tumor (mutation of HER-2, estrogen and progesterone receptors and Ki-67 index). Its limitations include: underestimation of invasion and failure to

Ewa Łukasiewicz, Agnieszka Ziemiecka, Wiesław Jakubowski, Jelena Vojinovic, Magdalena Bogucevska, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 71, 267–274

original-paper | 28-June-2019

Monitoring the response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with breast cancer using ultrasound scattering coefficient: A preliminary report

Introduction Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) was initially used in locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) and the inflammatory form of cancer to downstage locally inoperable disease. Currently, it is recommended for patients with Stage 3 and with early-stage disease with HER-2 (human epidermal growth factor receptors positive or triple-negative (TNBC) breast cancer(1,2). NAC reduces the tumor mass by inducing intracellular damage, which causes cell death and degeneration. Response to treatment

Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Hanna Piotrzkowska-Wróblewska, Ziemowit Klimoda, Wojciech Secomski, Piotr Karwat, Ewa Markiewicz-Grodzicka, Agnieszka Kolasińska-Ćwikła, Katarzyna Roszkowska-Purska, Jerzy Litniewski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 89–97

Review | 29-June-2016

Intra-abdominal fat. Part III. Neoplasms lesions of the adipose tissue

epithelioid tumor at this site is mesothelioma. The last but not least group includes secondary malignant tumors without an adipocyte component located in intra-abdominal fat. This is the most numerous group with prevailing carcinoma foci. For each of these groups, the authors present ultrasound features of individual lesions and discuss their differential diagnosis. In the vast majority of cases, the material for cytological and histological analysis can be obtained during ultrasound-guided procedures

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 65, 145–154

Review | 29-June-2016

Standards for the assessment of salivary glands – an update

salivary gland parenchymal lesions at different stages of the disease. Pleomorphic adenomas are usually hypoechoic, well-defined and polycyclic in most cases. Warthin tumor usually presents as a hypoechoic, oval-shaped lesion with anechoic cystic spaces. Malignancies are characterized by blurred outlines, irregular shape, usually heterogeneous echogenicity and pathological neovascularization. The accompanying metastatic lesions are another indicator of malignancy, however, final diagnosis should be

Piotr Zajkowski, Aleksandra Ochal-Choińska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 65, 175–190

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