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Research Article | 01-September-2014

AUGMENTED REALITY GAME BASED MULTI-USAGE REHABILITATION THERAPIST FOR STROKE PATIENTS

For the surviving stroke patients that are affected physically and mentally, they are required rehabilitation after the stroke. Rehabilitation can be quite expensive on the patient and their families. The augmented reality rehabilitation gaming system aims to decrease the dependency on supervised therapy. This paper presents two augmented reality games. The games focus on rehabilitating stroke patients affected with upper limb disabilities. The games simulate current physical therapy techniques

N.I. De Leon, S.K. Bhatt, Adel Al-Jumaily

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 3, 1044–1058

Case report | 13-November-2017

Improving oral hygiene for stroke patients

In stroke nursing, oral hygiene is fundamental and should be a priority. Patients are more dependent on the nursing staff due to problems with cognition, arm weakness, a reduced conscious level, dysphagia or aphasia. Patients rely on nurses for oral care and are at a higher risk of xerostomia (dry mouth). Effective oral care removes plaque and prevents complications such as pneumonia which would increase patient length of stay. A lack of knowledge exists amongst nursing staff in the area of

Caroline Woon

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 27 , ISSUE 1, 11–13

Original Paper | 30-June-2016

Sonographic detection of inferior subluxation in post-stroke hemiplegic shoulders

Aim of the study: To evaluate the usefulness of ultrasonographic acromion-greater tuberosity distance measurement and Shoulder ratio in detecting post-stroke inferior shoulder subluxation. Material and methods: Forty-five hemiplegic stroke patients and 45 controls underwent shoulder sonography to measure their acromion-greater tuberosity distance. Side-to-side acromion-greater tuberosity distance differences and Shoulder ratios were derived from the acromion-greater tuberosity distance values

Bukunmi M. Idowu, Oluwagbemiga O. Ayoola, Victor A. Adetiloye, Morenikeji A. Komolafe, Babalola I. Afolabi

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 69, 106–112

Conference Presentation | 27-June-2018

CRYPTOGENIC STROKE IN AN AIRLINE TRANSPORT PILOT

This case presentation discusses an airline captain who suffered a cerebrovascular event. Despite extensive investigation, no underlying cause or contributing factors could be identified. He went on to make a full recovery from his stroke, and after two years applied for renewal of his medical certificate. This presentation discusses the aeromedical certification process, including the restrictions and health surveillance measures put in place once he was recertified.

Simon May

Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine, Volume 10 , 11–12

Original Paper | 17-March-2016

Lateralized periodic discharges associated with status epilepticus in the first year after stroke

Backgrand. Lateralized periodic discharges (LPDs) are infrequent electroencephalograph (EEG) findings, and may present in ictal or interictal form. They are regarded as potential electrophysiologic signs of convulsive or nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE). We report four patients who presented with NCSE and one who presented with convulsive status epilepticus in the postictal period, characterized by LPDs in EEG recordings in the first year after stroke. Material and methods. We

Hava Ozlem Dede, Nerses Bebek, Ozlem Gelisin, Murat Mert Atmaca, Nilufer Yesilot Barlas, Candan Gurses, Betul Baykan, Aysen Gokyigit

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 1, 15–23

Research Article | 01-June-2017

DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF 3D PRINTED MYOELECTRIC ROBOTIC EXOSKELETON FOR HAND REHABILITATION

The development of dynamic rehabilitation devices can be evaluated as a research fast-growing field. Indeed, robot-assisted therapy is an advanced new technology mainly in stroke rehabilitation. Although patients benefit from this enormous development of technology, including the presence of rehabilitation robots, the therapeutic field still suffering a lack in hand robotic rehabilitation devices. In this context, this work proposes a new design of a 3D printed hand exoskeleton for the stroke

Ismail Ben Abdallah, Yassine Bouteraa, Chokri Rekik

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 2, 341–366

Article | 26-June-2018

Malignant middle cerebral artery infarct: A clinical case report

Background:Ischaemic stroke accounts for 87% of strokes and occurs when a clot or a thrombus blocks a blood vessel, cutting off blood flow to a part of the brain. If large areas of brain are affected, space-occupying oedema may result, leading to rapid neurological deterioration, coma and death. Malignant middle cerebral artery infarction (MMCAI) is a life-threating ischaemic stroke involving the whole middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory and comprises up to 10% of MCA infarctions.Methods:We

Kwan Yee (Queenie) Leung, Sheila Jala, Rosalind Elliott

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 28 , ISSUE 1, 5–12

Article | 16-April-2018

A clock-face method of outdoor scanning and tracking using sports cones: A case study of a client with post-stroke visual field loss

The participant in this case study is a 65 year old male, who had a right posterior cerebral artery stroke. He undertook a compensatory scanning program though continued to experience collisions with objects in familiar and unfamiliar environments. He was later referred to Guide Dogs NSW/ACT, Australia for orientation and mobility (O&M) services. The second author (instructor) assessed and identified this client’s functional field of vision using an outdoor clock-face method by

Sarah Hower, B.HlthSc (OT)., MSpec.Ed, Ross Still, Ross Still, GradDip(O&M), Regional Manager, Guide Dogs NSW/ACT

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility, Volume 7 , ISSUE 1, 87–95

Research paper | 06-February-2018

Long-term consumption of fermented rooibos herbal tea offers neuroprotection against ischemic brain injury in rats

Stroke is the second leading cause of death worldwide, affecting about 240 people a day in South Africa and leaving survivors with residual disabilities. At the moment, there is no clinically approved neuroprotective product for stroke but the consumption of plant polyphenols has been suggested to offer some protection against stroke. In this study, we investigated the effects of long-term consumption of fermented rooibos herbal tea (FRHT) on ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced brain injury in

Olusiji Akinrinmade, Sylvester Omoruyi, Daneel Dietrich, Okobi Ekpo

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 1, 94–105

Article | 11-April-2018

Adaptive Correcting Strokes Extracted From Chinese Characters in Digital Ink of Non-Native Writers Based on Comprehensive Visualization

Hao Bai, Xiwen Zhang

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 2 , ISSUE 3, 84–88

Article | 01-December-2012

ROBOT-ASSISTED THERAPY: DESIGN, CONTROL AND OPTIMIZATION

To improve the human arm function of disable patients after stroke, we propose in this paper a new design of a robot-assisted therapy. The robotic device must be attached to a human arm and mimics the motion of the shoulder, elbow and wrist joints. The functional training of the stroked upper limb is covered in motion and force via a safe compliant motion. The controller parameters are optimized by the therapist based on the human morphology parameters via an intelligent Control Interface where

Haifa Mehdi, Olfa Boubaker

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 4, 1044–1062

Research Article | 01-September-2017

TWO-DEGREE ADJUSTABLE EXOSKELETON FOR ASSISTANCE OF THE HUMAN ARM USING A MECHANICAL SYSTEM OF FAST ASSEMBLY AND UPGRADABILITY

Stroke affects about 975,000 people annually. Currently different robotic systems are used, such as exoskeletons that support motor rehabilitation, where they sometimes increase the patient’s possible recovery rate. But these systems are expensive and often require adequate locations for therapy routines. This article offers the mechanical design of an exoskeleton concept for human upper limbs that allows the attachment to the arm and forearm, offering protection, torque, and movement, plus the

Julio Restrepo-Zapata, Carlos Gallego-Duque, David Marquez-Viloria, Juan Botero-Valencia

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 3, 491–505

Conference Presentation | 27-June-2018

CHALLENGES WITH RECERTIFICATION (OF EAGLE’S SYNDROME) – WHO HAS THE TIME?

A 50 year old male airline transport pilot licence (ATPL) pilot had been on a CASA audit requirement (CAR) for Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma since 2010. As part of his ongoing haematological medical surveillance a neck, chest, abdomen and pelvis CT scan in 2014 reported an “incidental” abnormality in his neck. Perusal of the first several articles raised from a “Google” search of the abnormality linked it with possible stroke, carotid dissection and death. Would CASA now cancel or suspend this pilot’s

Ian Cheng

Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine, Volume 10 , 9–10

Case report | 31-March-2016

Successful treatment of epilepsia partialis continua due to Rassmussen encephalitis with perampanel

Background. Epilepsia partialis continua (EPC) is a difficult to treat condition, which tends to be refractory to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). We previously published two other treatment episodes of EPC due to stroke and vascular dementia with a possible effect of perampanel (PER). Aim. With the publication of a third treatment episode of EPC terminated by the administration of PER we would like to suggest that PER may be an effective treatment option in this condition. Material and Methods. We

Katja Göde, Annette Grossmann, Johannes Rösche

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 1, 67–70

Review | 13-September-2016

Standards in neurosonology. Part I

, monitoring after the acute stage of stroke, detection of a right-toleft shunts, confi rmation of the arrest of the cerebral circulation, an assessment of the functional effi ciency of circle of Willis, an assessment of the cerebrovascular vasomotor reserve as well as the measurement of substantia nigra hyperechogenicity).

Joanna Wojczal, Tomasz Tomczyk, Piotr Luchowski, Grzegorz Kozera, Radosław Kaźmierski, Zbigniew Stelmasiak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 62, 307–317

Article | 05-September-2013

INVESTIGATION OF VHI AFFECTED BY THE DENSITY OF MECHANORECEPTIVE UNITS FOR VIRTUAL SENSATION

D and a dimensionless ratio of wire stroke r to wire distance r/D in passive touch based on psychophysical experiment. We obtain D = 45 mm and r/D ≈ 1 as optimum values for VHI intensity for wire distance and the ratio, respectively. Furthermore, as the result of comparison between the present result and the previous result for palm, we conclude that a combination of mechanoreceptive afferent units, SAI, SAII and FAI, are involved in VHI. VHI mechanism is induced when movement of wires is

N. Rajaei, M. Ohka, T. Miyaoka, Hanafiah Yussof, Ahmad Khushairy Makhtar, Siti Nora Basir

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 4, 1516–1532

Case report | 05-May-2015

Cognitive functions in myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibres – a case report

(mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes), KSS (Kearns-Sayre syndrome), NARP syndrome (neuropathy, ataxia, and retinitis pigmentosa and ptosis). The authors emphasize importance of comprehensive neuropsychological assessment in differential diagnosis of MIDs. Conclusion. Mild and selective cognitive impairment was identified. The type and degree of cognitive function impairment is not sufficient to diagnose dementia in this particular case of MERRF. Comprehensive

Martyna Domańska, Emilia J. Sitek, Michał Schinwelski, Maria Mazurkiewicz-Bełdzińska, Agnieszka Matheisel, Jarosław Sławek

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 1, 69–74

Position Paper | 20-December-2018

PREDIABETES AND THE NEED FOR CARDIOVASCULAR RISK ASSESSMENT IN AVIATION

Australian College of General Practitioners (RACGP) guidelines for diagnosis using oral glucose tolerance test (or HbA1c) recognise the importance of extending diagnosis beyond simply identifying diabetes. This is relevant in view of the risk of composite cardiovascular events, coronary heart disease, stroke, and all-cause mortality associated with abnormal blood glucose. Since the pilot population mirrors this morbidity, the aviation regulator has an obligation to consider the impact in terms of

Sanjiv Sharma, Michael Drane

Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine, Volume 10 , 1–7

Research paper | 01-August-2017

Rat white matter injury model induced by endothelin-1 injection: technical modification and pathological evaluation

White matter injury is an important cause of functional disability of the brain. We comprehensively analyzed a modified endothelin-1 (ET-1) injection-induced white matter injury model in the rat which is very valuable for investigating the underlying mechanisms of subcortical ischemic stroke. ET-1 was stereotactically injected into the internal capsule of the rat. To avoid complications with leakage of ET-1 into the lateral ventricle, the safest trajectory angle to the target was established

Hideaki Ono, Hideaki Imai, Satoru Miyawaki, Hirofumi Nakatomi, Nobuhito Saito

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 3, 212–224

Review | 29-March-2016

Standards in neurosonology. Part II

after the acute stage of stroke, detection of a right-to-left shunts, confirmation of the arrest of the cerebral circulation, an assessment of the functional efficiency of circle of Willis, an assessment of the cerebrovascular vasomotor reserve as well as the measurement of substantia nigra hyperechogenicity).W artykule przedstawiono podstawowe standardy dotyczące badania układu naczyniowego i struktur mózgu metodą ultrasonograficzną. Celem opracowania jest ujednolicenie wykonywania i opisu badań

Joanna Wojczal, Tomasz Tomczyk, Piotr Luchowski, Grzegorz Kozera, Radosław Kaźmierski, Zbigniew Stelmasiak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 64, 44–54

Review | 29-June-2016

Standards in neurosonology. Part III

after the acute stage of stroke, detection of a right-to-left shunts, confirmation of the arrest of the cerebral circulation, an assessment of the functional efficiency of circle of Willis, an assessment of the cerebrovascular vasomotor reserve as well as the measurement of substantia nigra hyperechogenicity).W artykule przedstawiono podstawowe standardy dotyczące badania układu naczyniowego i struktur mózgu metodą ultrasonograficzną. Celem opracowania jest ujednolicenie wykonywania i opisu badań

Joanna Wojczal, Tomasz Tomczyk, Piotr Luchowski, Grzegorz Kozera, Radosław Kaźmierski, Zbigniew Stelmasiak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 65, 155–162

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