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Review | 29-September-2017

Imaging of juvenile spondyloarthritis. Part II: Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging

Juvenile spondyloarthropathies are mainly manifested by symptoms of peripheral arthri­tis and enthesitis. Early involvement of sacroiliac joints and spine is exceptionally rare in children; this usually happens in adulthood. Conventional radiographs visualize late inflammatory lesions. Early diagnosis is possible with the use of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. The first part of the article presented classifications and radiographic presentation of juvenile

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Michał Znajdek, Piotr Gietka, Violeta Vasilevska-Nikodinovska, Lukas Patrovic, Vladka Salapura

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 176–181

Review | 29-June-2016

Diagnostic imaging of psoriatic arthritis. Part II: magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography

Plain radiography reveals specific, yet late changes of advanced psoriatic arthritis. Early inflammatory changes are seen both on magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound within peripheral joints (arthritis, synovitis), tendons sheaths (tenosynovitis, tendovaginitis) and entheses (enthesitis, enthesopathy). In addition, magnetic resonance imaging enables the assessment of inflammatory features in the sacroiliac joints (sacroiliitis), and the spine (spondylitis). In this article, we review

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Grzegorz Pracoń

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 65, 163–174

Case report | 29-December-2017

A twin pregnancy with a hydatidiform mole and a coexisting live fetus: prenatal diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up

Twin molar pregnancy with a hydatidiform mole and a coexisting live fetus is a rare form of gestational trophoblastic disease associated with an increased risk of obstetric complications and poor perinatal outcome. Prenatal diagnosis is essential for couple counseling and follow-up in Tertiary Reference Centers. Magnetic resonance imaging is important for the diagnostic differentiation of placental mesenchymal dysplasia and exclusion of myometrial invasion. Here we present a case of twin molar

Antonio Braga, Bruna Obeica, Heron Werner, Sue Yazaki Sun, Joffre Amim Júnior, Jorge Rezende Filho, Edward Araujo Júnior

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 71, 299–305

case-report | 28-June-2019

Juvenile spondyloarthritis and chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis overlap syndrome in a 16-year-old adolescent. A case report and literature review

, erosions, geodes)(13). Magnetic resonance imaging Apart from lesions evident on ultrasound, MRI also makes it possible to assess(10,14) edema in the bone marrow (the earliest sign of inflammation), in the spine and in the spinal cord, articular cartilage in its entirety as well as the level of activity of a synovial membrane affected with inflammation and subchondral bone tissue following the administration of a contrast agent. Magnetic resonance imaging is considered to be a more sensitive procedure

Michał Znajdek, Agnieszka Gazda, Piotr Gietka, Marta Wysmołek, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 152–157

Review | 07-September-2016

Imaging of juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Part II: Ultrasonography and MRI

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is the most common autoimmune systemic disease of the connective tissue affecting individuals in the developmental age. Radiography, which was described in the first part of this publication, is the standard modality in the assessment of this condition. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging enable early detection of the disease which affects soft tissues, as well as bones. Ultrasound assessment involves: joint cavities, tendon sheaths and bursae for the

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Elżbieta Grochowska, Piotr Gietka, Mateusz Płaza, Grzegorz Pracoń, Fadhil Saied, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 66, 237–251

Research paper | 13-December-2017


This paper reviews the recently developed techniques in biomagnetics and bioimaging such as transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and cancer therapy based on magnetic stimulation. A technique of localized and vectorial TMS has enabled us to obtain non-invasive functional mapping of the human brain. The development of new bioimaging technologies such as current distribution MRI and conductivity MRI potentially enables us to understand the dynamics of brain

Shoogo Ueno, Masaki Sekino

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 300–314

Editorial | 31-March-2017

Rheumatoid arthritis: what do MRI and ultrasound show

disease management, the emergence of new biologic therapies and better utilization of conventional disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs. Prompt diagnosis and appropriate therapy have been recognized as essential for improving clinical outcomes in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis. Despite the potential of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging to visualize all tissues typically involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis, the diagnosis of early disease remains difficult due to

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Lennart Jans, James Teh

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 68, 5–16

Review | 29-September-2017

Imaging of juvenile spondyloarthritis. Part I: Classifications and radiographs

classifications of juvenile spondyloarthropathies and discusses their radiographic presentation. Typical radiographic features of individual types of juvenile spondyloarthritis are listed (including ankylosing spondylitis, juvenile psoriatic arthritis, reactive arthritis and arthritis in the course of inflammatory bowel diseases). The second part will describe changes visible on ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. In patients with juvenile spondyloarthropathies, these examinations are conducted to

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Piotr Gietka, Michał Znajdek, Genowefa Matuszewska, Magdalena Bogucevska, Ljubinka Damjanovska-Krstikj, Slavcho Ivanoski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 167–175

Article | 01-June-2015


Liu Erlin, Wang Meng, Teng Jianfeng, Li Jianjian

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 2, 1031–1049

Review | 25-September-2018

Classifications and imaging of juvenile spondyloarthritis

differentiate juvenile spondyloarthritis from other juvenile idiopathic arthritis subtypes. Sacroiliitis, and especially spondylitis, although infrequent in childhood, may manifest as low back pain. In clinical practice, radiographs of the sacroiliac joints or pelvis are performed in most of the cases even though magnetic resonance imaging offers more accurate diagnosis of sacroiliitis. Neither disease classification criteria nor imaging recommendations have taken this advantage into account in patients

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Iris Eshed, Lennart Jans, Nele Herregods, James Teh, Jelena Vojinovic

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 74, 224–233

Review | 13-September-2016

Standards of ultrasound imaging of the adrenal glands

Adrenal glands are paired endocrine glands located over the upper renal poles. Adrenal pathologies have various clinical presentations. They can coexist with the hyperfunction of individual cortical zones or the medulla, insuffi ciency of the adrenal cortex or retained normal hormonal function. The most common adrenal masses are tumors incidentally detected in imaging examinations (ultrasound, tomography, magnetic resonance imaging), referred to as incidentalomas. They include a range of

Rafał Z. Słapa, Wiesław S. Jakubowski, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Anna A. Kasperlik-Załuska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 377–387

Review Article | 30-March-2018

Bacterial meningitis in neonates and infants – the sonographic picture

Bacterial meningitis is a major diagnostic and therapeutic problem among children and neonates, with severe, rapidly progressing course and potentially life-threatening complications. Early antibacterial treatment is essential for the patient’s favorable prognosis. Cerebral imaging plays an important role in the diagnostic process alongside physical examination and laboratory tests. Magnetic resonance imaging is the gold standard for diagnosing bacterial meningitis. Because of limited

Błażej Littwin, Andrzej Pomiećko, Monika Stępień-Roman, Zeno Spârchez, Wojciech Kosiak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 72, 63–70

case-report | 28-June-2019

A developmental variant of the thyroid cartilage

structures in the lamina of the thyroid cartilage (arrows) (A) on the right side of the neck (two structures) and (B) on the left side of the neck (one structure – arrow) Due to persistent pain, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the neck was performed to assess these lesions and to exclude any lesions missed with US. On MRI, small well-defined structures with intermediate T1-weighted signal and high signal on the fat-suppressed sequence were seen on each side of the thyroid cartilage (Fig. 2). Fig

Sanaa Jamali, Etienne Danse

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 171–172

Review | 06-February-2018

Functional organization of the human amygdala in appetitive learning

Emilia Kolada, Krzysztof Bielski, Marcel Falkiewicz, Iwona Szatkowska

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 2, 118–127

Review | 13-September-2016

intra-abdominal fat, reflection patterns, localization, ultrasound, diagnostic criteria

attention of research institutes owing to being a rich source of stem cells. This review, however, does not include these issues. The identifi cation of fat is relatively easy using computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. It can be more diffi cult in an ultrasound examination for several reasons. The aim of this paper is to present various problems associated with US imaging of unaltered intra-abdominal fat located beyond organs. Based on the literature and

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 62, 318–325

Case report | 25-September-2018

Spontaneous resolution of unifocal Langerhans cell histiocytosis of the skull: potential role of ultrasound in detection and imaging follow-up

Langerhans cell histiocytosis is a tumor-like condition characterized by idiopathic proliferation of Langerhans cells. The disease may involve the skeleton as well as other organs systems. Bone involvement may be solitary or multifocal. Unifocal osseous Langerhans cell histiocytosis may involve virtually any bone, with the calvarium being most frequently involved. Plain radiography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are the most used techniques for detection and

Filip M. Vanhoenacker, Joris Verlooy, Mania De Praeter

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 74, 265–270

Research paper | 31-July-2017

The effect of network template from normal subjects in the detection of network impairment

This study aimed to provide a simple way to approach group differences by independent component analysis when researching functional connectivity changes of resting‑state network in brain disorders. We used baseline resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging from the Alzheimer’s disease neuroimaging initiative dataset and performed independent component analysis based on different kinds of subject selection, by including two downloaded templates and single‑subject independent

Chun‑Chao Huang, Shang‑Hua Lin, Ching‑Po Lin, The Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 4, 294–303

Research paper | 22-August-2018

The influence of mood on visual perception of neutral material

In the study we investigated how current mood affects spontaneous perceptual processes of neutral stimuli of low-arousal, unrelated to any specific task. Two separate but similar procedures were carried out: one using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), the other using electroencephalography based source localization. In both experiments, sessions of passive viewing of neutral pictures were preceded by either a negative or positive mood induction. In response to neutral stimuli, we

Miroslaw Wyczesany, Tomasz S. Ligeza, Agnieszka Tymorek, Agnieszka Adamczyk

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 2, 163–172

Case report | 14-November-2014

Ictal Forced Repetitive Swearing in Frontal Lobe Epilepsy: Case report and review of the literature

Introduction. Dominant presentation of ictal forced repetitive swearing has been rarely addressed and could be misdiagnosed. Case report. We report a 45-year-old man with a long history of right frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE) who developed forced repetitive swearing during hypermotor seizures. His seizures were refractory to different antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Scalp video-EEG telemetry suggested a right frontal epileptic focus. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) suggested focal cortical dysplasia

Marjan Dolatshahi, Alexei Yankovsky

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 22 , ISSUE 2, 113–119

Research Article | 01-September-2017


M. Anto Bennet, J. Surekha Poomathi, C. Kalpana, S. Sariga Priya

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 5, 374–394

Review | 13-September-2016

Breast ultrasound scans – surgeons’ expectations

Recent years have witnessed a dynamic development of mammary gland imaging techniques,particularly ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. A challengerelated to these studies is the increase in the precision of the anatomical assessment of breast, particularly for early detection of subclinical lesions, performance of ultrasound-guided biopsy procedures, and accurate preoperative location of pathological lesions so as to optimize the surgical treatment. Ultrasound imaging is a primary

Piotr Bednarski, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Eryk Chrapowicki, Wiesław Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 61, 164–171

Review | 31-August-2018

Visceral artery aneurysms – classification, diagnosis and treatment

its location and may involve intraperitoneal hemorrhage, gastrointestinal and portal system bleeding with concomitant portal hypertension and bleeding from esophageal varices. Wide access to diagnostic tests, for example ultrasound, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging, helps establish the correct diagnosis and a therapeutic plan as well as select appropriate treatment. After a procedure, the same diagnostic tools enable assessment of treatment efficacy, or are used for the monitoring

Ewa Piasek, Michał Sojka, Maryla Kuczyńska, Łukasz Światłowski, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Olga Furmaga, Tomasz Jargiełło

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 148–151

Research paper | 22-August-2018

The relationship between alpha burst activity and the default mode network

Alpha rhythm, described by Hans Berger, is mainly recorded from the occipital cortex (OCC) of relaxed subjects with their eyes closed. Early studies indicated the thalamo-cortical circuit as the origin of alpha rhythm. Recent works suggest an additional relationship between alpha rhythm and the Default Mode Network (DMN). We simultaneously recorded electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) signals in 36 young males asked to alternately close and open their

Mateusz Rusiniak, Andrzej Wróbel, Katarzyna Cieśla, Agnieszka Pluta, Monika Lewandowska, Joanna Wójcik, Piotr H. Skarżyński, Tomasz Wolak

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 2, 92–106

Review | 13-September-2016

Enthesopathies and enthesitis. Part 1. Etiopathogenesis

The pathologies of tendon and ligament attachments are called enthesopathies. One of its types is enthesitis which is a characteristic sign of peripheral spondyloarthropathy.Clinical diagnosis of enthesitis is based on rather non-specifi c clinical signs and results of laboratory tests. Imaging examinations are highly promising. Numerous  publications prove that enthesitis can be differentiated from other enthesopathic processes in an ultrasound examination or magnetic resonance imaging

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Brygida Kwiatkowska, Monika Prochorec-Sobieszek, Włodzimierz Maśliński

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 60, 72–84

Review Article | 31-March-2017

Double aorta artifact in sonography – a diagnostic challenge

and make the artifact clearer. This phenomenon is usually easily recognizable and avoidable, but it sometimes might cause diagnostic difficulty. Obtaining an image of double abdominal vessels on ultrasound examination in transverse sections requires further inspection of the aorta in a different (sagittal) plane. This is not always possible due to poor patient preparation for scanning. Symmetrical flow on Doppler sonography is a typical feature of this artifact. Finally, magnetic resonance imaging

Robert Hadzik, Przemysław Bombiński, Michał Brzewski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 68, 36–40

Review Article | 30-March-2018

Cesarean scar pregnancy – a new challenge for obstetricians

ultrasound scan, Doppler examination and magnetic resonance imaging are all useful in early detection of asymptomatic cesarean scar pregnancy, thus enabling effective treatment and preservation of fertility. Dilatation and curettage is not recommended as it carries significant risk of bleeding and very high risk of hysterectomy and fertility loss. Systemic methotrexate treatment should not be applied on the routine basis due to its low efficacy, high risk of fertility loss and adverse effects. Local

Piotr Pędraszewski, Edyta Wlaźlak, Wojciech Panek, Grzegorz Surkont

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 72, 56–62

Original Paper | 31-August-2018

Ultrasound image of malignant bone tumors in children. An analysis of nine patients diagnosed in 2011–2016

Introduction: The diagnostic process of bone tumors, including malignant ones, is based on conventional radiological methods, such as radiography and computed tomography, and with precise assessment of local advancement in magnetic resonance imaging. Ultrasonography is not included in the diagnostic algorithms as a tool suitable to detect this type of pathology. More and more frequent usage of musculoskeletal ultrasound in children as the first imaging method or, in some cases, as the only

Tomasz Madej, Joanna Flak-Nurzyńska, Ewa Dutkiewicz, Anna Ciechomska, Jerzy Kowalczyk, Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 103–111

Research paper | 22-August-2018

Face processing in a case of high functioning autism with developmental prosopagnosia

perception and recognition, thus creating a unique neurodevelopmental condition. We used eye-tracking and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) method. Eye-tracking and fMRI results of PK were compared to results of control subjects. Patient PK showed atypical gaze-fixation strategy during face perception and typical patterns of brain activations in the FG and OFA. However, a significant difference between PK and control subjects was found in the left anterior superior temporal sulcus/middle

Hanna B. Cygan, Hanna Okuniewska, Katarzyna Jednoróg, Artur Marchewka, Marek Wypych, Anna Nowicka

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 2, 114–131

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Echogenicity of benign adrenal focal lesions on imaging with new ultrasound techniques – report with pictorial presentation

examination, apart from its indisputable usefulness in detecting and monitoring adrenal tumors, may also allow for the differentiation between benign lesions. However, for lesions found incidentally an algorithm for the assessment of adrenal incidentalomas is applicable, which includes computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging.

Rafał Z. Słapa, Anna A. Kasperlik-Załuska, Bartosz Migda, Maciej Otto, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Wiesław S. Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 368–376

Original Paper | 17-March-2016

Lateralized periodic discharges associated with status epilepticus in the first year after stroke

. Results and Discussion. None of the five patients, who were aged between 68 and 92 years, showed any etiologic factor other than a history of cerebrovascular disease (CVD). Magnetic resonance imaging studies of the patients revealed old infarcts and transitional diffusion restrictions. The clinical and EEG findings decreased substantially upon antiepileptic drug treatment. Herein, we illustrate the first patient who had confusion, visual hallucinations, and ictal and interictal LPD in her consecutive

Hava Ozlem Dede, Nerses Bebek, Ozlem Gelisin, Murat Mert Atmaca, Nilufer Yesilot Barlas, Candan Gurses, Betul Baykan, Aysen Gokyigit

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 1, 15–23

Review | 13-September-2016

Enthesopathies and enthesitis. Part 2: Imaging studies

 only symptom of early spondyloarthritis (particularly in patients with absent HLA-B27 antigen), the lack of its unambiguous picture in ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging prompts the search for other signs characteristic of spondyloarthritis and more specific features in imaging in order to make a diagnosis as early as possible.

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Brygida Kwiatkowska, Monika Prochorec-Sobieszek, Grzegorz Pracoń, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz, Włodzimierz Maśliński

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 61, 196–207

Review | 29-March-2016

Diagnostic imaging of psoriatic arthritis. Part I: etiopathogenesis, classifications and radiographic features

resonance imaging and ultrasonography.Łuszczycowe zapalenie stawów jest jednostką należącą do grupy zapaleń kręgosłupa z towarzyszącym zapaleniem stawów obwodowych (spondyloarthritis, SpA). Choroba ma różne manifestacje kliniczne – może przebiegać z zajęciem stawów obwodowych, jak również kręgosłupa osiowego oraz z obecnością zmian zapalnych tkanek miękkich, w postaci zapalenia palca (dactylitis) bądź entezopatii. Klasyczna radiografia stanowi metodę z wyboru używaną w diagnostyce łuszczycowego

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Genowefa Matuszewska, Brygida Kwiatkowska, Grzegorz Pracoń

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 64, 65–77

Case report | 25-January-2018

Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis: Cerebral spinal fluid tumours.

the meninges to become irritated causing patients to exhibit signs of photophobia, neck stiffness, neurological decline and cranial nerve defects. LC has a significant morbidity and mortality rate with a median survival of 4-6 weeks if untreated and 2-3 months if treated. Diagnosis is based on analysis of the cerebral spinal fluid, through detection of positive cytology of LC tumour cells, elevated protein and CSF pressures. Magnetic resonance imaging findings identify areas of meningeal

Megan Stone

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 26 , ISSUE 2, 11–14

Review Paper | 22-December-2016

Presurgical diagnosis of epilepsies – concepts and diagnostic tools

zones are characterized. The epileptogenic lesion, the “eloquent cortex” and secondary epileptogenesis (mirror focus) are dealt with. The current diagnostic techniques used in the definition of these cortical zones, such as video-EEG monitoring, non-invasive and invasive EEG recording techniques, magnetic resonance imaging, ictal single photon emission computed tomography, and positron emission tomography, are discussed and illustrated. Potential modern surrogate markers of

Heinz Gregor Wieser

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 2, 115–140

Review | 07-September-2016

Imaging of juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Part I: Clinical classifications and radiographs

associated with ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging, which are more and more commonly applied in juvenile idiopathic arthritis for early detection of pathological features as well as the disease complications.Młodzieńcze idiopatyczne zapalenie stawów to najczęstsza przewlekła choroba układowa tkanki łącznej wieku rozwojowego o podłożu immunologicznym. Badanie radiograficzne jest pierwszą metodą, od której rozpoczyna się diagnostykę obrazową w celu rozpoznania zmian chorobowych typowych dla tej

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Genowefa Matuszewska, Piotr Gietka, Mateusz Płaza, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 66, 225–236

Review | 07-September-2016

Is a fatty pancreas a banal lesion?

. Pancreas adiposis is best defined in Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging. However, a series of works proved the usefulness in the diagnostics of that pathology of transabdominal and endoscopic ultrasonography. In that method, the degree of adiposis was based on the comparison of echogenicity of the pancreas and the liver, renal parenchyma, spleen and/or retroperitoneal adipose. Recently, the evaluation was expanded by the evaluation of the degree of pancreatic adipose with the pancreas

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 66, 273–280

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