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Research paper | 25-July-2017

BDNF gene polymorphisms and haplotypes in relation to cognitive performance in Polish healthy subjects

Making Test (TMT), the Stroop Test which are to a large extent connected with prefrontal cortex activity. Our sample consisted of 460 healthy participants from Polish population. We detected possible association between five BDNF polymorphisms (rs11030101, rs10835210, rs2049046, rs2030324, rs2883187) and TMT_A. Additionally, one haplotype block made from eleven BDNF variants (rs2883187, rs1401635, rs2049046, rs2030324, rs11030101, rs10835210, rs1013402, rs1401635, rs1013402), as

Monika Wiłkość, Agnieszka Szałkowska, Maria Skibińska, Ludmiła Zając-Lamparska, Małgorzata Maciukiewicz, Aleksander Araszkiewicz

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 1, 43–52

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Ultrasound assessment of the jugular and vertebral veins in healthy individuals: selected physiological aspects and morphological parameters

Aim: Ultrasound assessment of morphological parameters of the internal jugular veins and vertebral veins in healthy individuals as well as their dependence on the patient’s position. Material: The examinations were conducted in 185 healthy individuals (101 females and 84 males) aged 18–89. Ultrasound examinations were conducted with the use of a linear probe with the frequency of 5–9 MHz in the supine (0°) and sitting position (90°). Results: In 154 cases (83.2%) on the

Dorota Czyżewska, Kamil Krysiuk, Konrad Dobrzycki, Andrzej Ustymowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 62, 267–273

Research paper | 18-May-2018

Effects of postural and cognitive difficulty levels on the standing of healthy young males on an unstable platform

Standing on an unstable platform requires continuous effort of the neuro-musculoskeletal system. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the ability to remain standing on an unstable platform at different levels of postural and cognitive difficulty. Healthy young males stood in the sagittal plane on an unstable platform supported by a pair of springs with modifiable stiffness. The balance test also assessed different levels of vision and cognitive function. Linear and nonlinear metrics of

Shahram Oliaei, Mohammed N. Ashtiani, Kamran Azma, Sandra Saidi, Mahmood-Reza Azghani

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 1, 60–68

Research Article | 30-March-2018

The relationship between splenic length in healthy children from the Eastern Anatolia Region and sex, age, body height and weight

PurposesThe normal limits of spleen size must be known in order for pathological changes to be noticed. The aim of this retrospective study is to determine the normal limits of spleen size in healthy children and to reveal their relation to sex, age, body height and weight.Patients and methodsThree hundred and ten children (150 girls and 160 boys) between 0–16 years of age in Eastern Anatolia Region who had normal spleen ultrasound appearances were included in this study. The greatest

Mete Özdikici

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 72, 5–8

Review | 07-September-2016

Shear wave elastography with a new reliability indicator

Christoph F. Dietrich, Yi Dong

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 66, 281–287

Research Article | 30-March-2018

The sonoanatomy of lumbar erector spinae and its iliac attachment – the potential substrate of the iliac crest pain syndrome, an ultrasound study in healthy subjects

characteristics were recorded in 25 healthy volunteers (median age: 28.92, SD: 5.31, mean Body Mass Index 22.61, SD: 3.38), with Esaote My Lab 7 machine using linear transducer (4–13 MHz).ResultsThe cadaver study confirmed the attachment of a substantial part of erector spinae to a well-defined region on the medial posterior iliac crest. The US study in the volunteers consistently showed the entheses as typical hyperechoic fibrillar structures, slightly oblique to the skin in the longitudinal plane and

Plamen Todorov, Rodina Nestorova, Anastas Batalov

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 72, 16–21

Student Essay | 20-December-2018

THE MIND CRAFT PROJECT – HEALTHY MINDS, HEALTHY PILOTS: A LITERATURE REVIEW ON MINDFULNESS MEDITATION PROGRAMS FOR COMMERCIAL AIRLINES PILOTS

Anita Vandyke

Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine, Volume 10 , 1–6

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Perihepatic lymphadenopathy in children with chronic viral hepatitis

Objective. To assess whether lymph node enlargement in the hepatoduodenal ligament occurs in children with chronic viral hepatitis B and C in comparison to healthy controls.Subject and methods. In 49 patients with chronic viral hepatitis (38 with chronic hepatitis B, 11 with chronic hepatitis C, 31 male, 18 female; age range 1 to 17 years),and in 51 healthy controls (25 male, 26 female; age range 4 to 16 years), the total perihepatic lymph node volume was assessed using transabdominal

Dagmar Schreiber-Dietrich, Margret Pohl, Xin-Wu Cui, Barbara Braden, Christoph F. Dietrich, Liliana Chiorean

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 61, 137–150

Original Paper | 15-April-2013

EEG characteristics of déjà vu phenomenon

Introduction. Déjà vu (DV, from French “already seen”) is an aberration of psychic activity associated with transitory erroneous perception of novel circumstances, objects, or people as already known. Aim. Investigation of clinical and diagnostic significance of derealization episodes in epilepsy. Materials and methods. The study involved 166 individuals (mean age 25.2 ± 9.2 yrs; 63.2% women). DV episodes were characterized and compared in groups of healthy

Alexander V. Chervyakov, Victor V. Gnezditskii, Pavel N. Vlasov, Galina V. Kalmykova

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 21 , ISSUE 1, 27–35

Mini Review | 30-March-2017

Application of Metagenomic Analyses in Dentistry as a Novel Strategy Enabling Complex Insight into Microbial Diversity of the Oral Cavity

The composition of the oral microbiome in healthy individuals is complex and dynamic, and depends on many factors, such as anatomi­cal location in the oral cavity, diet, oral hygiene habits or host immune responses. It is estimated at present that worldwide about 2 billion people suffer from diseases of the oral cavity, mainly periodontal disease and dental caries. Importantly, the oral microflora involved in local infections may spread and cause systemic, even life-threatening infections

Aleksandra Burczyńska, Łukasz Dziewit, Przemysław Decewicz, Izabela Strużycka, Marta Wróblewska

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 1, 9–15

Research Article | 29-December-2017

High resolution ultrasonography of the tibial nerve in diabetic peripheral neuropathy

severity of neuropathy was determined using the Toronto Clinical Neuropathy Score. 58 diabetic patients with no clinical suspicion of diabetic peripheral neuropathy and 75 healthy non-diabetic subjects were taken as controls. The cross sectional area and maximum thickness of nerve fascicles of the tibial nerves were calculated 3 cm cranial to the medial malleolus in both lower limbs.ResultsThe mean cross sectional area (22.63 +/− 2.66 mm2) and maximum thickness of nerve fascicles (0.70 mm) of the

Kunwarpal Singh, Kamlesh Gupta1, Sukhdeep Kaur

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 71, 246–252

research-article | 15-June-2020

Do ankle, hindfoot, and heel ultrasound findings predict the symptomatology and quality of life in rheumatoid arthritis patients?

findings with healthy control subjects, and establish which factors have a significant impact on the presence of symptomatic ankle or poor QoL scores. Also, we assessed the role of US in identifying factors that can be influenced to prevent further damage, deformities and foot dysfunction in RA patients. Material and methods Patients and healthy controls Consecutive RA patients presenting to the day-hospital department were enrolled between April and December 2018 in this observational, cross

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 81, e70–e82

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

An additional ultrasonographic sign of Hashimoto’s lymphocytic thyroiditis in children

Methods:A total of 98 children (mean age 12.7 years, range 7–17 years) were selected from the registry of the endocrinology outpatient department. All subjects met the diagnostic criteria for HLT. All children underwent a prospective thyroid ultrasound examination with special attention paid to the presence of lymph nodes adjacent to the thyroid gland. In order to form a control group, we analyzed 102 healthy volunteers and 94 children with cervical lymphadenopathy, age- and sex-matched with

Wojciech Kosiak, Maciej Piskunowicz, Dominik Świętoń, Tomasz Batko, Mariusz Kaszubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 349–357

Research paper | 04-May-2018

Effects of ascorbic acid on anxiety state and affect in a non-clinical sample

graduate students were evaluated by the STAI and VAMS in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Results No changes from basal levels were observed in the STAI state-anxiety or VAMS scores. However, the ingestion of ascorbic acid by the 25% more anxious healthy subjects (women; 14 control and 23 ascorbic acid), as defined by the STAI trait-anxiety scale, produced a significant reduction from baseline anxiety scores in the STAI state-anxiety scale and VAMS anxiety subscale. The study

Bettina Moritz, Marcelo Liborio Schwarzbold, Ricardo Guarnieri, Alexandre Paim Diaz, Ana Lúcia S. Rodrigues, Alcir Luiz Dafre

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 4, 362–372

Original Paper | 31-January-2019

Multifocal fatty liver disease, insulin resistance and carotid atherosclerosis: exploring the interrelated relationship

Abstract Introduction: Multifocal fatty liver infiltrations are not uncommon ultrasonographic finding; they are explained by the presence of aberrant vascular supply independent of the portal circulation or insulin resistance. Aim: To study the significance of this ultrasonographic finding. Methods: A study group (n = 96) with multifocal fatty liver and two control groups: healthy subjects (n = 100) and patients with diffuse fatty liver disease (n = 100) were enrolled. They were tested for

Amr Shaaban Hanafy, Sherief Abd-Elsalam, Ayman F. Ahmed, Mohammed M. Dawoud

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 75, 302–309

Short Communication | 04-December-2017

Seroprevalence of Rubella and Cytomegalia in Young Women from Biała Podlaska District

The aim of this study was to analyze the seroprevalence of rubella and cytomegalia among young women. The study included 175 healthy women from the Biała Podlaska District, aged 16 to 35 years. Anti-rubella and anti-CMV IgG were determined by ELISA. 172 (98.3%) study subjects tested positive for rubella antibodies, 1 (0.6%) was seroindeterminate and 2 (1.1%) were seronegative. CMV antibodies were detected in 119 (68.0%) participants; the series included also 1 (0.6%) seroindeterminate and 55

Dorota Plewik, Małgorzata Tokarska-Rodak, Justyna Paszkiewicz, Adam Szepeluk

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 4, 543–545

Short Communication | 09-March-2018

Comparative Seroprevalence of Hepatitis A And E Viruses in Blood Donors from Wielkopolska Region, West-Central Poland

The objective of the present study was to investigate the seroprevalence of HAV and HEV in Polish blood donors (BDs). One hundred and ten randomly selected healthy BDs, living in Wielkopolska Region were tested for anti-HAV IgG and anti-HEV IgG with commercial assays. The seroprevalence of anti-HAV was 11.8%; anti-HEV were detected in 60.9% of BDs (p < 0.0001). Consumption of risky food was more common in anti-HEV-positive BDs (59.1% vs. 33.3%; p = 0.01). Twelve out of 20 BDs (60%) with no

Maciej Bura, Małgorzata Łagiedo-Żelazowska, Michał Michalak, Jan Sikora, Iwona Mozer-Lisewska

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 1, 113–115

Research Article | 05-July-2017

Association Between Participating in Noncompetitive or Competitive Sports and Mental Health among Adolescents – a Norwegian Population-based Cross-sectional Study

) aged 13 to 22 years were examined. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was used for measuring mental health problems, in the form of total symptom scores and impact on daily life. Participation in sports was categorized as follows: 1) not participating; 2) participating in noncompetitive sports; and 3) participating in competitive sports. Sports were divided into individual and team sports. Weekly exercise, healthy diet, and number of friends were investigated as mediating factors

Sara Breistøl, Jocelyne Clench-Aas, Betty Van Roy, Ruth Kjærsti Raanaas

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 5 , ISSUE 1, 28–38

Research Article | 30-November-2013

Immigrant Preadolescents and Risk of Emotional Distress

subgroups of preadolescent emotional problems. Multinomial logistic regressions were conducted to assess the relationships between these subgroups and the presence of an immigrant background with four immigrant groups (all backgrounds, Pakistan, Turkey, and Sri Lanka). The reference group was the ethnic Norwegians.LCA identified three classes according to the severity of the problems; these were labeled healthy, borderline, and distressed. Multinomial logistic regression analyses found the presence of

Daniele E. Alves, Heather L. Corliss, Espen Roysamb, Henrik D. Zachrisson, Brit Oppedal, Kristin Gustavson

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 2 , ISSUE 1, 41–51

Research Article | 11-October-2018

A Sensor-Based Forage Monitoring of Grazing Cattle in Dairy Farming

In this proposed work, the feeding behavior of cow is analyzed to monitor its health condition, through the detection of three most common events of grazing activity such as chew, bite, and chew–bite. A healthy cow should have a good means of chew, bite, and chew–bite habits. Hence, an unhealthy cow can be easily identified by its grazing activities and treated immediately. Here, a wearable and compact device is developed, which is used to monitor the grazing events. The device consists of

J. Suganthi Jemila, S. Suja Priyadharsini

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 1, 1–9

Research paper | 01-November-2017

USING THE DAY RECONSTRUCTION METHOD TO QUANTIFY TIME SPENT SUFFERING AMONG OLDER ADULTS WITH CHRONIC PAIN

also measure suffering from negative symptoms, such as pain and fatigue, in 122 older adults, most of whom suffer from chronic pain. Results indicated that the method was well tolerated in this population, with over 98% of the sample providing interpretable responses. Chronic pain respondents reported spending a considerable proportion of their day suffering from pain, fatigue, and depression; a much higher proportion than reported by healthy controls (p’s < .01). Time spent suffering was

Dylan M. Smith

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 16 , ISSUE 3, 429–440

Research paper | 31-July-2017

The effect of network template from normal subjects in the detection of network impairment

component analysis method. All conditions were used to calculate the functional connectivity of the default mode network, and to test group differences and evaluate correlation with cognitive measurements and hippocampal volume. The default mode network functional connectivity results most fitting clinical evaluations were from templates based on young healthy subjects and the worst results were from heterogeneous or more severe disease groups or single‑subject independent component analysis method

Chun‑Chao Huang, Shang‑Hua Lin, Ching‑Po Lin, The Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 4, 294–303

Research paper | 01-August-2017

Effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on non-veridical decision making

We test the emerging hypothesis that prefrontal cortical mechanisms involved in non-veridical decision making do not overlap with those of veridical decision making. Healthy female subjects performed an experimental task assessing free choice, agent-centered decision making (The Cognitive Bias Task) and a veridical control task related to visuospatial working memory (the Moving Spot Task). Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was applied to the left and right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex

Jaan Tulviste, Elkhonon Goldberg, Kenneth Podell, Talis Bachmann

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 3, 182–191

Research Article | 20-February-2013

A VIABLE CAPACITIVE APPROACH FOR DAMAGE DETECTION OF AIRCRAFT COMPOSITE MATERIAL

optimization for the structure parameters of the sensor with 8electrodes is carried out. According to the optimization, a uni-planar capacitive sensor, with 8-electrode on one plane substrate and a ground screen electrode and the screen between electrodes, is designed to get the corresponding capacitance information of the measured composite material slab. 2 aircraft composite material slabs, one is healthy and the other is notched, are used as a sample for the experiment of detecting the damages. The

Dong Ensheng, Jiang Yilin, Guo Wei, Yu Xiangbin

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 209–228

Research paper | 06-February-2018

Assessment of type 1 and type 3 deiodinase expression levels in depressive disorders

. We aimed to investigate the levels of DIO1 and DIO3 in the patients suffering from recurrent depressive disorders (rDD). Data collected from 91 rDD patients and 105 healthy controls were analyzed. The diagnoses were made based on the ICD-10 criteria (F33.0–F33.8). The expression levels of DIO1 and DIO3 were estimated using the polymerase chain reaction method and the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The expression of DIO1 on mRNA/protein levels in the rDD patients was reduced in

Elżbieta Gałecka, Anna Kumor-Kisielewska, Agata Orzechowska, Michael Maes, Paweł Górski, Janusz Szemraj

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 3, 225–235

Review | 18-May-2018

Cerebral hypoperfusion in autism spectrum disorder

Cerebral hypoperfusion, or insufficient blood flow in the brain, occurs in many areas of the brain in patients diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Hypoperfusion was demonstrated in the brains of individuals with ASD when compared to normal healthy control brains either using positron emission tomography (PET) or single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). The affected areas include, but are not limited to the: prefrontal, frontal, temporal, occipital, and parietal cortices

Geir Bjørklund, Janet K. Kern, Mauricio A. Urbina, Khaled Saad, Amira A. El-Houfey, David A. Geier, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Mark R. Geier, Jyutika A. Mehta, Jan Aaseth

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 1, 21–29

Original Paper | 09-March-2018

The Very Low Frequency of Epstein-Barr JC and BK Viruses DNA in Colorectal Cancer Tissues in Shiraz, Southwest Iran

. Moreover, all the patients and healthy subjects were negative for BKV DNA sequences. The results suggested that EBV and JCV genomes were not detectable in the colorectal tissue of patients with colorectal cancer in our population. Hence, BKV might not be necessitated for the development of colorectal cancer. The findings merit more investigations.

Jamal Sarvari, Shahab Mahmoudvand, Neda Pirbonyeh, Akbar Safaei, Seyed Younes Hosseini

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 1, 73–79

original-paper | 30-November-2018

Dependence of Colonization of the Large Intestine by Candida on the Treatment of Crohn’s Disease

articles describing the study of anti-Candida antibodies and methods based on the fungi cultures (McKenzie et al. 1990; Standaert-Vitse et al. 2006; Standaert-Vitse et al. 2009). Hence, the primary objective of the present study was to determine if there are quantitative differences in Candida fungi (by quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR)) between pediatric patients with CD and healthy controls. Another aim of this study was to compare the quantitative differences in Candida fungi in the newly diagnosed

KINGA KOWALSKA-DUPLAGA, AGNIESZKA KRAWCZYK, AGNIESZKA SROKA-OLEKSIAK, DOMINIKA SALAMON, ANDRZEJ WĘDRYCHOWICZ, KRZYSZTOF FYDEREK, TOMASZ GOSIEWSKI

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 1, 121–126

Review | 13-September-2016

Standards of the Polish Ultrasound Society. Ultrasound examination of the portal system and hepatic vessels

a correct examination and, above all, for the correct interpretation of results. The authors also present requirements regarding the equipment. Moreover,various technical aspects of the examination are presented and the normal morphological picture and hemodynamic parameters of healthy individuals are described. The authors discuss the most common clinical situations and rare cases during ultrasound examinations.The paper is based on the experience of the author who works in the largest center

Robert Lechowicz, Michał Elwertowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 61, 208–226

Research paper | 24-July-2017

Nonlinear dynamics analysis of the human balance control subjected to physical and sensory perturbations

Postural control after applying perturbation involves neural and muscular efforts to limit the center of mass (CoM) motion. Linear dynamical approaches may not unveil all complexities of body efforts. This study was aimed at determining two nonlinear dynamics parameters (fractal dimension (FD) and largest Lyapunov exponent (LLE)) in addition to the linear standing metrics of balance in perturbed stance. Sixteen healthy young males were subjected to sudden rotations of the standing platform. The

Mohammed N. Ashtiani, Mahmood-reza Azghani

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 2, 168–175

Research Article | 12-December-2017

EMBEDDED SENSING AND ACTUATION FOR HELMETS CO2 LEVELS CONTROL

air flow control algorithm for containing CO2 concentration exposure during missions, and an associated evaluation simulator/test bed. The resulting closed loop, automated sensing and actuation system extends the otherwise short fan battery lifetime to cover entire missions, delivers a healthy breathing environment for the operative and minimises noise disruption associated with the use of the fan. The control algorithm outperforms fixed airflow settings in terms of energy efficiency.

John Kemp, Elena Gaura, James Brusey, Doug Thake

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 1, 160–185

Research paper | 15-January-2019

Calcium release from intracellular stores is involved in mitochondria depolarization after lowering extracellular pH in rat brain synaptosomes

In the brain, pH can be lowered in both healthy and disease states. Previously, we showed that moderate extracellular acidification (down to pHo 7.0), but not intracellular acidification, leads to mitochondrial depolarization in synaptosomes. This indicates that the plasma membranes of neuronal presynaptic endings have proton receptors that can induce mitochondrial dysfunction when activated. In the present paper we attempt to identify this hypothetical receptor. First, we have demonstrated

Tatsiana G. Dubouskaya, Sviatlana V. Hrynevich, Tatsiana V. Waseem, Sergei V. Fedorovich

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 4, 343–351

Original Paper | 30-January-2019

Sonoelastographic evaluation for benign neck lymph nodes and parathyroid lesions

Abstract Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the performance of real-time strain sonoelastography for comparison of perithyroidal lymph nodes of Hashimoto thyroiditis patients, jugular lymph nodes of healthy individuals and parathyroid lesions. Material and methods: Fifty parathyroid lesions (Group 1), 52 lymph nodes in Hashimoto thyroiditis patients (Group 2) and 51 reactive jugular lymph nodes (Group 3) were examined by ultrasound, and elastography was performed for a total of 95

Namik Kemal Altinbas, Cemil Yagci

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 75, 284–289

Article | 21-July-2017

Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Two Aphelenchoides Endophytic in Poplar Leaves

During a long-term, large network study of the ecology of plant endophytes in native habitats, various nematodes have been found. Two poplar species, Populus angustifolia (narrowleaf cottonwood) and Populus trichocarpa (black cottonwood), are important ecological and genomic models now used in ongoing plant–pathogen–endophyte interaction studies. In this study, two different aphelenchid nematodes within surface-sterilized healthy leaves of these two Populus spp. in

LYNN K. CARTA, SHIGUANG LI, ANDREA M. SKANTAR, GEORGE NEWCOMBE

Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 1, 28–33

Research paper | 04-May-2018

Omitted Stimulus Potential depends on the sensory modality

somatosensory stimuli were applied. Twenty healthy young college volunteers completed within-subjects trials with sensory stimuli at a fixed frequency of 0.5 Hz that ceased unpredictably. These passive trials required no behavioural response and were administered to measure the complete set of OSP (i.e., the rate of rise, amplitude and peak latency). OSPs showed a faster rate of rise for auditory stimuli compared to visual or somatosensory stimuli. Auditory stimuli also produced a shorter time to peak and

Oscar Hernando Hernández, Karla María Hernández-Sánchez

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 4, 297–304

Mini Review | 26-August-2016

The Role of Staphylococcus aureus in Secondary Infections in Patients with Atopic Dermatitis (AD)

Staphylococcus aureus colonizes the mucous membrane of the nasal vestibule of a significant number of healthy people. These microorgan­isms are opportunistic pathogens, that in favorable conditions, may cause infections of various course, location or manifestation. Second­ary infections emerge in cases when other risk factors contribute to such a change. One of the diseases during which S. aureus changes its saprophytic character to a pathogenic one is atopic dermatitis (AD), an

Aneta Buda, Jacek Międzobrodzki

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 3, 253–259

Original Paper | 30-March-2017

Antimicrobial Effects of Platelet-rich Plasma against Selected Oral and Periodontal Pathogens

Antimicrobial properties of platelet rich plasma (PRP) against various microorganisms have been recently pointed out. PRP could be an alternative to conventional antibiotics in preventing oral and periodontal infections. We examined whether PRP has in vitro antimicrobial properties against Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Prophyromonas gingivalis, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans. PRP and platelet-poor plasma (PPP) were obtained from whole blood of 10 healthy volunteers and 10

Reham L. Aggour, Lina Gamil

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 1, 31–37

Original Paper | 29-September-2017

The feasibility of using high-resolution ultrasonography to assess ulnar nerve in patients with diabetes mellitus

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of high-resolution ultra­sonography for the diagnosis of polyneuropathy in diabetes mellitus patients by the exami­nation of the ulnar nerves. Method: We recruited 100 healthy age-matched volunteers (50 women and 50 men) with 200 arms without diabetes or cubital tunnel syndrome as the control group. We assessed the upper limbs of 100 diabetes mellitus patients (45 women and 55 men), 40 of whom had electrophysiologically

Jun Chen, Chun-Lei Wang, Shan Wu, Shan He, Jun Ren

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 160–166

Research paper | 25-July-2017

Chronotype and sleep quality as a subphenotype in association studies of clock genes in mood disorders

healthy controls. To assess CH we applied Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ). Additionally, we defined the quality and patterns of sleep using The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). We applied Kruskal-Wallis test to determine associations. The main positive findings refer to associations between selected polymorphisms and: 1) chronotype with the ARNTL gene (rs11824092 and rs1481892) and the CLOCK (rs1268271), 2) sleep duration with the CLOCK gene

Monika Dmitrzak-Węglarz, Joanna Pawlak, Monika Wiłkość, Izabela Miechowicz, Małgorzata Maciukiewicz, Wanda Ciarkowska, Dorota Zaremba, Joanna Hauser

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 1, 32–42

Original Paper | 28-December-2016

Molecular Characterization of Enteroviruses Isolated from Acute Flaccid Paralysis Cases in Poland, 1999–2014

, and 15 with detection of EV in healthy contact, without positive detection in paralytic patient. Polioviruses were isolated from 35 AFP cases. The results of this study showed that about 43.6% of positive AFP cases were found in association with the isolation of non-polio enteroviruses (NPEV). A total of 12 different types of the species B were detected (CVA9, CVB1, CVB3, CVB4, CVB5, E3, E4, E9, E11, E13, E30), and one additional isolate representedthe species enterovirus A (EV71). Among the 12

Magdalena Wieczorek, Arleta Krzysztoszek

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 4, 443–450

research-article | 30-November-2017

EVALUATION OF THE BUILDINGS’ SHADOWING IN THE COMPACT HOUSING DEVELOPMENT – SELECTED EXAMPLES

of the urban interiors. This phenomenon is not only understood as the direct sunlight effect on the living organisms, including humans, but also the illumination of the houses and the heating of external walls, which reduces the energy demand necessary for the heating during the winter. The proper arrangement of urban interiors serves man, fulfilling, at least partially, the criteria for a healthy and comfortable living environment. One of its elements is the proximity of nature and the

Justyna KOBYLARCZYK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 11 , ISSUE 1, 37–42

Review | 13-September-2016

Value of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome – literature review

healthy women, the inclusion of this sign to the diagnostic criteria of polycystic ovary syndrome is still questioned. The developmentof new technologies has an undoubted infl uence on the percentage of diagnosed polycystic ovaries. This process has caused an increase in the percentage of polycystic ovary diagnoses since the Rotterdam criteria were published. It is therefore needed to prepare new commonly accepted diagnostic norms concerning the number of ovarian follicles and the standardization of

Michał Bachanek, Nebil Abdalla, Krzysztof Cendrowski, Włodzimierz Sawicki

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 410–422

Research Article | 30-November-2014

Assessment and Treatment of Identity Pathology During Adolescence

, including that of borderline personality disorder, which leads to a broad spectrum of maladaptive and dysfunctional behaviors.To measure identity pathology and its improvement with treatment, we developed a self-report questionnaire entitled Assessment of Identity Development in Adolescence to establish a reliable, valid, and time-efficient inventory to represent a dimensional concept of healthy and impaired personality development. The reliability of this self-report questionnaire is excellent, and the

Susanne Schlüter-Müller, Kirstin Goth, Emanuel Jung, Klaus Schmeck

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 3 , ISSUE 1, 63–70

Research Article | 13-September-2016

Behavioral Weight Loss Treatment for Youth Treated With Antipsychotic Medications

, anthropomorphic, and metabolic findings from a case series of obese adolescents taking antipsychotic medications who participated in a short-term, family-based behavioral weight loss intervention.Methods:We adapted the Traffic Light Plan, a 16-week family-based weight loss intervention that promotes healthy energy balance using the colors of the traffic light to categorize the nutritional value of foods and the intensity of physical activity. We then added a social and ecological framework to address health

Ginger E. Nicol, Rachel P Kolko, Monica Mills, Thrudur Gunnarsdottir, Michael D. Yingling, Julia A. Schweiger, Eric J. Lenze, John W. Newcomer, Denise Wilfley

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 4 , ISSUE 2, 96–104

Research Article | 20-November-2017

Exploring a lay Gestalt of schizophrenia? A Danish background population’s explanations on why and how first-episode schizophrenia patients’ narratives were intuitively sensed as contextually inappropriate

(in)appropriateness.Method:One empirical evaluation of contextual (in)appropriateness in 10 narratives from first-episode schizophrenia patients and healthy controls, respectively, found that when a phenomenologically informed Danish population (n=157 high-school students; mean age, 18.5) was “blinded” to the control–patient status – that is, “anonymous” narratives of the wordless picture story Frog, Where Are You? – they consequently evaluated patient narratives as more inappropriate than

Charlotte Petersen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 5 , ISSUE 2, 64–76

Original Paper | 31-January-2019

Serum TSH level in obese children and its correlations with atherogenic lipid indicators and carotid intima media thickness

indicators, and carotid intima media thickness in obese children and adolescents. Methods: A study group consisted of 110 obese children (11.5 ± 2.9 years) and 38 healthy children (13.4 ± 2.6 years). Obesity was defined using International Obesity Task Force criteria. In each patient anthropometric measurements, thyroid-stimulating hormone, free thyroxine, a lipid profile were evaluated. Carotid intima-media thickness was measured in 74 obese children and 28 lean children. The resulting data were used to

Małgorzata Rumińska, Ewelina Witkowska-Sędek, Anna Majcher, Michał Brzewski, Monika Krawczyk, Beata Pyrżak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 75, 296–301

Research Article | 29-June-2016

Usefulness of ultrasound examination in the evaluation of a neonate's body fluid status

Material and methodsThe study included 50 neonates from two hospitals in the Lower Silesia region of Poland; 25 of them were healthy patients (full-term newborns with no perinatal complications) and 25 were sick patients (newborns with heart defects such as ostium secundum atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, permanent foramen ovale and patent ductus arteriosus as well as newborns with neonatal jaundice or pneumonia that occurred during the first days of life). The ultrasound scans

Joanna Kieliszczyk, Wojciech Baranowski, Wojciech Kosiak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 65, 125–134

Case report | 29-March-2016

Capillary hemangioma of the testis. A case report of a rare benign tumor

atrophy of the spermatogenic epithelium of the seminiferous tubules. Immunohistochemistry: CD31 (+), CD34 (+), FVIII (−), vimentin (+), CK MNF116 (−), mesothelial cells (−), calretinin (−), MIB-1 = 8.4%. The tumor described is one of the few benign lesions originating from the tissues of the testis for which partial resection of the organ may be considered. Intraoperative histopathological examination and resection of the lesion with the preservation of a healthy tissue margin may be considered in

Waldemar Białek, Sławomir Rudzki, Lech Wronecki

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 64, 87–93

Research Article | 17-October-2018

First Report of Stubby-Root Nematode, Paratrichodorus minor, on Onion in Georgia, U.S.A

areas with healthy and infested plants, respectively. Because the male individuals were not found in the soil samples, females were used for species identification. Morphological and molecular analyses of females (Fig. 2A-C) identified the species as Paratrichodorus minor (Colbran) Siddiqi; (Decraemer, 1995). Nematode body shape was “cigar-shaped” with dorsally curved “onchiostyle” stylet Females had an oval-shaped vagina, vulva a transverse slit, and lateral body pores were absent. The measurements

Abolfazl Hajihassani, Negin Hamidi, Bhabesh Dutta, Chris Tyson

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 3, 453–455

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