Ultrasound imaging of the liver and bile ducts – expectations of a clinician


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Journal of Ultrasonography

Polish Ultrasound Society (Polskie Towarzystwo Ultrasonograficzne)

Subject: Medicine


ISSN: 2084-8404
eISSN: 2451-070X






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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 62 (September 2015) > List of articles

Ultrasound imaging of the liver and bile ducts – expectations of a clinician

Krzysztof Skoczylas * / Andrzej Pawełas

Keywords : fatty liver, elastography, CEUS, bile ducts

Citation Information : Journal of Ultrasonography. Volume 15, Issue 62, Pages 292-306, DOI: https://doi.org/10.15557/JoU.2015.0026

License : (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Received Date : 02-June-2015 / Accepted: 03-August-2015 / Published Online: 13-September-2016



Since diseases of the liver and bile ducts are common, a clinician is faced by the need to implement an appropriate diagnostic process. It is necessary to apply diagnostic methods that enable appropriate assessment of the most common pathologies of the liver, i.e. fi brosis, steatosis and focal lesions, as well as initial assessment of the bile ducts. These goals can be achieved using ultrasound methods based on conventional sonography, contrast-enhanced sonography and elastography. The assessment of fatty liver and bile duct dilatation using ultrasound reaches satisfactory levels of sensitivity and specifi city. The usage of contrast agents enables unambiguous differentiation between benign and malignant focal lesions, frequently allowing them to be identifi ed accurately without the assistance of other imaging modalities. Elastography has enabled reliable assessment of liver fi brosis. Its results are comparable to those of the standard method, i.e. liver biopsy.

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